#Question
1

 Explain various factors, which are responsible for the location of manufacturing industries in various parts of the world. Take examples from various parts of the world.

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2

 Recently, India has replaced USA as the third top steel producer. Account for this trend and critically assess the strength and weakness of Indian steel Industry.

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3

India has been endowed with surplus agriculture production, demographic dividend, yet food insecurity, unemployment has been observed. How far can food-processing industry address these challenges? Discuss.

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4

Account of the rise of China as a major manufacturing hub in past two decades.
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5 While calculating industrial growth, there is a visible difference between various industrial growth indicator. What are the possible reasons for this . Discuss with examples.
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#Question
1

Trade through land routes has no parallel but 95 percent of Indian trade is maritime in nature. Discuss.
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2

Inland waterways contribute less than 1 percent to the total trade.Discuss the factors affecting inland waterways.
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3

Discuss the reforms needed for Aviation industry.
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4

Railways tend to follow the path of least resistance. Explain.
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5

Density of roads is an indicator of development. Elaborate.
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6 There is a controversy between older and newer airlines on change in "5/20 rule " of aviation sector. Critically analyse the impact of this rule on aviation industry.
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7 National highways are still underdeveloped in India. Examine the hurdles faced by development of national highways in India along with recently launched government initiatives.
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#Question
1

Volcanoes and earthquakes are the catastrophic expressions of geothermal heat of earth, discuss. Only the Funnel shaped topography of the north east India can produce a Mawsynram and Cheerapunji, justify.
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2

Goldi lock zone is one of the three requisites for having an earth like planet in space, elucidate. Landforms are an outcome of interaction of endogenetic and exogenetic forces, elaborate.
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3

Sea floor spreading is a consequence of constructive plate margins, explain.
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4

Submarine trenches are formed where lithospheric plates subduct, explain.
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5

Conservative margins cannot be progenitors of earthquakes, give a reasoned account.
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6

Mountains with latitudinal extent have east-west slopes while the ranges with longitudinal extent have north-south slopes. Elaborate.
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#Question
1

 EL-nino and La-Nina are determinant factor for monsoon to a large extent. Explain

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2

Counter Equatorial currents cause ‘elnino’ effect in pacific waters. Discuss.
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3

“Aurorae phenomena is area specific”. Give a rational account of the statement.
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4

Prevailing wind system is expressed in three distinct Hadley, Ferrel and Polar cells.Elaborate
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5

Earth has two panic buttons, jet streams and conveyor belt in atmosphere in oceans respectively and are guided by influx of incoming solar radiation. Justify
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6

Dipole effect of Indian Ocean is infact ELNINO-LANINA like anomalies of tropical warm waters, discuss.
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7

Rise in temperature determines the latitudinal expansion of temperate and tropical crops, elucidate.
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8

Southern oscillation if perturbs, will disturb the global climate, adjudicate the statement.
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9

ELNINO and LANINA are the climatic aberrations and are associated with changes in solar constants. Adjudicate the statement.
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10

Day light saving of time is practiced world wind but has its proponents and opponents. Explain. International Date Line is haphazardly concocted to accommodate preferences of nations, discuss.
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11

The distinct wind systems characterize different seasons over the Indian subcontinent, explain. Polar vortices determine the severity of polar winds in northern hemisphere during winters, elaborate.
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12

Discuss the role of polar vortex in the depletion and recuperation of ozone in the atmosphere over southern hemisphere.
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13

Conveyor Belt has a conspicuous role in regulating heat among heat surplus and heat deficit zones across the world.
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14

Horse latitudes have high air temperatures, high air pressure and diverging wind systems, discuss.
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15

Easterly jet stream makes monsoon pulsate with dry and wet spells, justify.
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16

Troposphere or convective zone of atmosphere has double the height over equator what it bears over poles, give a reasoned account.
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17

Temperature, air pressure and natural vegetation change with latitude and altitude both. Explain.
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18

Rainfall regimes change with seasons in India, discuss.
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19

One third of tropical cyclone bred on Pacific Ocean torments the rim lands of Bay of Bengal too, rationalize it.
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20

We are needed to forewarned and equally forearmed for the tropical cyclone, elaborate.
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21

Tsunamis cannot be detained but can be predicted well on time, explain.
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22 The aviation industry is facing pressure to reduce its environmental impacts, but aviation is itself susceptible to the effects of climate change. Discuss
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#Question
1

Ocean currents are capable to moderate climatic conditions, explain
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2

Ocean currents are capable to induce climate changes, justify.
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3

North Indian Ocean is the only among all water bodies where ocean currents change seasonally, elaborate.
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4

Indian Ocean has got a befitting name and it really carriers Indian signatures, discuss.
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5

Indo-Brahma Pascoe river was once a pre-Pleistocene reality, discuss.
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6

Pacific Ocean has the most apacific ocean bottom. Explain.
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#Question
1

Explain the phenomenon of demographic dividend in the context of India. Do you think our country has the capacity to take advantage of it?

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2

India is in danger of squandering its valuable demographic dividend, inability to generate 1.2 crore jobs annually to accommodate annual addition in the labour force, what two important steps are required to curtail of possible chaos.
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3

Why does the western world apprehensive about Indian ability in utilizing its demographic dividend?
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4

what is demographic dividend? what steps should India take to reap the benefits of demographic dividend?
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5

Examine the performance of family planning programme and population policy of india.
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6

Which states in India have reached or are very near the ‘replacement levels’ of population growth? Which ones still have very high rates of population growth? In your opinion, what could be some of the reasons for these regional differences?
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7

The implication of declining birth rate as India is targeting to achieve replacement level of fertility is manifold. Analyse
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8 India facing elderly population time bomb which strikes at the very roots of the welfare state and the social contracts on which social democracy rests. Discuss the impact of eldery population on society and economy.
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#Question
1

The antecedent rivers interrupt the continuity of Himalayas, justify.
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2

The Nepal Himalaya is the highest and the longest, explain.
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3

Explain the development of Himalayan syntaxian bends.
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4

Sum up four reasons for the development of Thar Desert in the western Indian subcontinent.
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5

Himalayas orient monsoons over Indian subcontinent, elaborate.
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6

Tibetan plateau has a unique role in determining the timings of monsoons over Indian Subcontinent, discuss.
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7

The eastern coastal plains of India are replete with wet points as well as with the dangers of possible visits of recurrent tropical cyclones, draw a correlative study.
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8

China shares borders with 14 nations and extends over 60 degrees longitude. It needs four time zones but is more apprehensive than India of balkanization. Support the statement.
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9

India is in need of two time zones but Indians are not ready yet to accept it as a reality, substantiate the statement.
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10

India has equivalent latitudinal and longitudinal extents in degrees but in actual there is a difference of 281 kms on the ground, justify it.
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#Question
1

Coastal Andhra is equally self-reliant to be a separate state, defend the statement.
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2

Seismicity can be a spoil spot for TAPI pipeline and can be a geopolitical show stopper.
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3

Statehood sentiment is an electoral instrument; people should be passed on a caveat. Write a memoir in support of the statement.
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4

Small states are more manageable, there should be no national skepticism. Explain.
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#Question
1

The union government is preparing legislation for involving riparian states for rejuvenating the Ganga River. What are the likely roadblocks this legislation might face? Is there a necessity of such legislation? Critically examine

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2

Mineral based industries are confined mostly to the peninsular India only, give a reasoned account. Discuss the bases of overseas trade.
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3

Mineral distribution is skewed in India, discuss.
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4 Interlinking of perennial Himalayan Rivers and the ephemeral peninsular rivers of south India will lead to development of hitherto under-developed water deficient regions. In this context evaluate impact on environment and human welfare.
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#Question
1

A good monsoon is essential for agriculture and for the replenishment of reservoirs and aquifers, is that so ? Still we are surviving on the gamble and gambit of monsoons.Comment
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#Question
1

 List the oceanic currents of North Atlantic Ocean and North Pacific Ocean and highlight the economic and climate significance of these currents. Is there any correlation between global warming and the changes in these currents?

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#Question
1

Seismic Zone V must be given respect if found in the geological surveys while planning a multi-purpose project. Discuss.
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2

Earthquakes can be predicted well before they cause havoc. Justify.
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3

Seismic waves have a propagation pattern and produce seismic shadow areas. Discuss.
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#Question
1

What are the prevalent explanations of origin of Continents and Oceans. Give few evidences.
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#Question
1

 Explore the interconnection between soils and vegetation taking suitable examples.

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2

Indian Soil cover is an assortment of Zonal (in-situ), Azonal (ex-situ) and intrazonal soils. Discuss.
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3

Type of natural vegetation follows latitude and altitude. Elaborate
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#Question
1

 Despite various preventive and remedial measures, India is so vulnerable to disaster of earthquakes. What steps are further required to prevent and mitigate the ill effects of earthquakes? Also demarcate earthquake prone regions of India.

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#Question
1

What is cloud seeding? Do you think a comprehensive cloud seeding programme can mitigate the large chunk of agriculture problems in India?

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2

Cropping patterns are the cause of problems in agriculture in India. Explain.
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3

India has got year long growing seasons and must realize its strength. Elaborate.
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4

Discuss the fallout of Green Revolution in terms of inter crop imbalances and inter-personal inequalities.
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5

Agricultural seasons have indelible imprints of monsoons in its delineation, explain.
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6

There is close relationship between the climate, the yield and the quality of tea, elaborate.
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7

Give two justifications for wheat cultivation in Punjab and Haryana for being benefitted maximum by green revolution.
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8

There is no other food crop which is so plentiful as rice in India, justify.
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9

Hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh are well suited for maize cultivation, justify.
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10

Irrigation waters do not bring changes in crop culture but change the culture of cultivators too. Discuss
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11 Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries scheme launched by central government is step closure to realizing the dream of "Blue revolution". Elaborate.
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12 The Centre's ambitious scheme to develop mega food parks across the country needs to be redesigned to suit the specific requirements of states. Critically analyze.
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13 According to CAG report on implementation of National Food Security Act (NFSA), It is still lagging behind. Examine
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Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
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