#Question
1 Indian Society

To what extent globalisation has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.
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2 World History

 The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western -educated Africans. 
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3 Indian Society

 Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity?
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4 India''s Freedom Movement

Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.


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5 India''s Freedom Struggle

 Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.

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6 India''s Freedom Struggle

 Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.

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7 Art and culture

Krishnadeva Raya, the king of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was a also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.

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8 Art and Culture

 Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expoundsBuddhist ideals. Elucidate.

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9

 To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus valley civilization provided input to the present day urbanization? Discuss.

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10 Social issues

 Write short notes on the following:
a) Why is the concept of joint families disappearing? What is the role of urbanization towards it? (100 words, 10 marks)
b) Discuss the reforms necessary in our education system to make it more jobs oriented. (100 words, 10 marks)
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11 Social issues

 Write short notes on the following:
a)Discuss the diversity in Indian Society with reference to unity and pluralism. (100 words, 10 marks)
b)Discuss the universal teachings of Swami Vivekananda pertaining to realization of God. (100 words, 10 marks)
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12 Social issues

 Narrate the goals and strategies of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). Outline the outcomes of the efforts of the NRHM? (200words, 15 marks)
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13 Social issues

 Explain three major steps necessary for the social empowerment of poor and downtrodden. How is politics hindering their implementation? (200words, 15 marks)
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14 Geography of Punjab

 Write short notes on the following:
a)Identify the measures taken by the Punjab government to promote eco-tourism. (100 words, 10 marks)
b)Give reason why Kandi region of Punjab was selected to promote drip irrigation. (100 words, 10 marks)
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15 World Geography

 Write short notes on the following:
a) What is pacific Ring of Fire and why does it have that name? (100 words, 10 marks)
b) Discuss the El-Nino pattern, how it differs from the normal pattern and how it impacts weather? (100 words, 10 marks)
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16 Geography

 What is the role of contract farming in helping agricultural diversification and development in Punjab? (200words, 15 marks)
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17 Geography

 The Mantle is a layer between the crust and the outer core and is divided into sections which are based upon the results from seismology. Give an account of these sections. (200words, 15 marks)
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18 Indian Geography

 Critically examine why agricultural productivity in India remains low? (200words, 15 marks)
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19 Indian History

 Write short notes on the following:
a) Chief characteristics of Mughal Architecture. (100 words, 10 marks)
b) Role of Sardar Patel in the integration of the Indian princely states. (100 words, 10 marks)
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20 Indian National movement

 What was the place of the revolutionary movements in the Indian freedom struggle? Throw light on the revolutionary activities of Sardar Bhagat Singh. (200words, 15 marks)
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21 Indian History

 Explain the role of social reform movements in the creation political awakening for democratic rights. (200words, 15 marks)
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22 Indian National movement

 Critically examine the role of Lala Lajpat Rai in the political and social upliftment of the country. (200words, 15 marks)
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23 International Relations.

 Analyze the disintegration of USSR and its impact on international politics. (200words, 15 marks)
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24 Indian Geography

 It is said the India has substantial reserves of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resources doesn’t appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved. (200 words) 10 marks

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25 Indian Geography

 With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. (200 words) 10 marks

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26 Indian Geography

 Analyse the factors for highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India . (100 words) 5 marks

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27 Indian Geography

 Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India ? Discuss with justification. (100 words) 5 marks

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28 Indian Geography

There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? (100 words) 5 marks

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29 Indian Geography

 Bringout the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in Western Ghats. (100 words) 5 marks

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30 World Geography

Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-30 degree north and on the western side of the continents. Why? (200 words) 10 marks

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31 World Geography

 What do you understand by the phenomenon of temperature inversion in meteorology? How does it affect the weather and the habitants of the place? (100 words) 5 marks

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32 World Geography

 Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world. (100 words) 5 marks

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33 World Geography

 The recent cyclone on the east coast of India was called “Phailin”. How are the tropical cyclones named across the world? Elaborate.(100 words) 5 marks

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34 World Geography

 What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. (100 words) 5 marks

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35 Social issues

 Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks
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36 Social issues

 Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India. (200 words) 10 marks
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37 Social issues

 Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment. (200 words) 10 marks
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38 Social issues

 Discuss the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. (200 words) 10 marks
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39 World History

 What policy instruments were deployed to contain the great economic depression? (200 words) 10 marks

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40 World History

 American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate. (200 words) 10 marks

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41 World History

 Africa was chopped into states artificially created by accident of European competition. Analyse. (200 words) 10 marks

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42 World History

 “Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what west had experience.(200 words) 10 marks

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43 World History

 Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh. (200 words) 10 marks

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44 World History

 Analyse the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement. (200 words) 10 marks

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45 Indian History

Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India. (200 words) 10 marks

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46 Indian History

 Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”. (200 words) 10 marks
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47 Indian History

 Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success. (200 words) 10 marks

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48 Indian History

 In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate. (200 words) 10 marks

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49 Indian History

 Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom. (200 words) 10 marks

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50 Indian History

 Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks

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51 Art and Culture

 Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss (100 words) 5 marks

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52 Art and Culture

 Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions. (100 words) 5 marks

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53 Art and Culture

 Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India , the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment. (200 words) 10marks

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54 World Geography

 How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa? (150 words) 10 marks
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55 World Geography

 Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world. (150 words) 10 marks
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56 Indian Geography

 Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel Industry in the world. (150 words) 10 marks
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57 Indian Geography

  Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually bypass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water? (150 words) 10 marks
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58 Indian Geography

  Whereas the British planters had develop tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain. (150 words) 10 marks
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59 Indian Geography

  Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent. (150 words) 10 marks
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60 World Geography

  Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why? (150 words) 10 marks
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61 World Geography

  Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos. (150 words) 10 marks
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62 World Geography

  Why are the world’s Fold Mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of Fold Mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes. (150 words) 10 marks
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63 World Geography

  Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree? (150 words) 10 marks
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64 Social issues

 How do the Indian debates on secularism differ from the debates in the West? (150 words) 10 marks
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65 Social issues

  Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India. (150 words) 10 marks
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66 Social issues

  The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss. (150 words) 10 marks
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67 Social issues

  Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments. (150 words) 10 marks
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68 Social issues

 How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India? (150 words) 10 marks

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69 World History

 The New Economic Policy -1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate. (150 words) 10 marks
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70 World History

  What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power? (150 words) 10 marks
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71 World History

  What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India? (150 words) 10 marks
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72 Indian National movement

  In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? (150 words) 10 marks.
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73 Indian National movement

  In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? (150 words) 10 marks.
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74 Indian National movement

  In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? (150 words) 10 marks.
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75 Indian History

  Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till Independence. (150 words) 10 marks
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76 Indian History

  Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindus/Muslims societies to any appreciable extent. Comment. (150 words) 10 marks
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77 Indian History

  The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat? (150 words) 10 marks
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78 Indian History

  Taxila University was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss. (150 words) 10 marks
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79 Art and Culture

  Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain. (150 words) 10 marks
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80

 To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss. (150 words) 10 marks.
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81 Geography

 What are the economic significance of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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82 Social issues

 Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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83 Geography

 How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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84 Geography

 The states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand are reaching limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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85 Geography

 India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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86 Geography

 Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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87 Geography

 Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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88 Social issues

 Debate the issue of whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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89 Social issues

 Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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90 Social issues

 Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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91 Social issues

 How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in tribes in India is more favorable to women than the sex ratio among scheduled castes? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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92 Social issues

 Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty or poverty is the main cause of population increase in India. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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93 Art and Culture

 Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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94 World History

 To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss Critically. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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95 World History

 Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it can be compared with that in India at present? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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96 Indian History

 It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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97 Indian History

 Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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98 Indian History

  How different would have been the achievement of Indian Independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.(200 words)12.5 marks

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99 Art and Culture

 Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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100 Art and Culture

 The ancient civilization in Indian–subcontinent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day. Comment. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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#Question
1 International relations

Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples.

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2 International relations

What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India's position on these?

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3 India and the World

 Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post-Cold War international scenario.

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4 India and world

 “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seems doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.

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5 Governance

“Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?

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6 Govenance

Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation

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7 Governance

 “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India.” Comment.

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8 Governance

 Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?

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9 Governance

‘Effectiveness of the Government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are interdependent.’ Discuss their relationship with each other in the context of India.

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10 Governance

“In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically examine the statement.

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11 Governance

In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.

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12 Governance

Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?

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13 Indian Polity

What is quasi-judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.

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14 Constitution

 Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal Constitution? Discuss.

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15 Indian Polity

 What were held in the Coelho case? In this context can you say that Judicial Review is of the key importance amongst the basic structure of the Constitution?

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16 Indian Polity

 Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’, Are they defendable in present circumstances?

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17 Indian Party System

 “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.

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18 Constitutional Bodies

Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s Policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction..

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19 Indian Polity

 To what extent is Article 370 of Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “Temporary provision with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir” Temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.

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20 Constitutional Ammendments

 Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?

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21 Indian Governance
“If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate. 


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22 International Relations

(a) What are the recent shifts and trends in defence procurement policy of India? (100 words, 10 marks)
(b)Evaluate the role of Indian Diaspora in projecting India’s soft power.

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23 Indian Governance

(a) Critically examine the concept and role of Civil Services neutrality in view of the change of guard at centre and state level. (100 words, 10 marks)
(b) The washing out of parliamentary sessions recently has raised a question mark on the functioning of Parliament. Comment. (100 words, 10 marks)

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24 Indian Governance

Discuss the factors necessitating the passage of 73rd constitutional Amendment Act. Analyze its actual impact. (200 words, 20 marks)
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25 Indian Governance

“Accountability and transparency are the two basic elements of good governance.” Discuss in the light of the role of Institution of comptroller and Auditor General of India. (200 words, 20 marks)
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26 International Relations

(a) Discuss the impact of Ind-US treaties on Ind-China relations. (100 words, 10 marks)
(b) Discuss the likely effects of India’s “Act East Policy” on India’s North-East. (100 words, 10 marks)

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27 International Relations

World Trade Organization (WTO) is considered as an organization of Capitalist countries. How did it act as a catalyst to defeat communism in global economic system? (200 words, 20 marks)
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28 International Relations

Discuss the role of non-state actors in International Relations. Discuss their impact on foreign policy formulation. (200 words, 20 marks)
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29 International Relations

“In the changing global power configurations, India is shouldering greater global responsibilities.” In the light of this statement, examine Mr. Narendra Modi’s foreign policy engineering. (200 words, 20 marks)
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30 International Relations


 Discuss the contradictions in India’s Foreign Policy towards Pakistan and Nepal.(200 words, 20 marks)
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31 Indian polity

Write short notes on the following:
a)How in your view the pressure groups in India make our democracy vibrant and inclusive? (100 words, 10 marks )
b)Comment on the nature and scope of Article 368 as the provision for constitutional amendment. (100 words, 10 marks)

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32 Indian polity

Write Short notes on the following:
a)“Freedom of speech and Expression is sacrosanct”. Comment. (100 words, 10 marks )
b)“Article 19 of the Indian constitution seeks to maintain a balance between Individual freedom and social control”. Discuss. (100 words, 10 marks )

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33 Indian polity

It is the duty of the majority to instill confidence in the minority. Conversely, the minorities must also look beyond narrow sectarian interests and work for the larger goal of real secular society in India. Evaluate it in the light of the spirit of the Indian constitution and the Indian Experience. (200 words, 20 marks)
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34 Indian polity

“Preamble is the key to open the minds of the makers of constitution.” Discuss, to what extent the spirit of preamble prevails in practice. (200 words, 20 marks)
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35 Indian polity

Quasi Federalism in India is become increasingly unitary. Debate Indian federal structure in the context of competitive federalism. (200 words, 20 marks)
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36 Indian polity

What is the nature and scope of secularism under Indian constitution? How do you think Indian Secularism has strengthened or weakened our nation state? Elucidate with examples. (200 words, 20 marks)
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37 International Relations

The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate. (200 words) 10 marks

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38 International Relations

What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks

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39 International Relations

In respect of India — Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (200 words) 10 marks

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40 International Relations

Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (200 words) 10 marks

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41 International Relations

The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India? (200 words) 10 marks

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42 International Relations

Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth. (200 words) 10 marks

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43 International Relations

What do you understand by The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. (200 words) 10 marks

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44 International Relations

 The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. (200 words) 10 marks

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45 Governance

‘A national Lokpal,however strong it may be,cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs’. Discuss.(200 words) 10 marks

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46 Governance

Though Citizen’s charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being provided. Analyse. (200 words) 10 marks

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47 Governance

Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health.Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same. (200 words) 10 marks

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48 Governance

The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity. Comment. (200 words) 10 marks

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49 Governance

Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption, eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment. (200 words) 10 marks

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50 Governance

The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. (200 words) 10 marks

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51 Governance

The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks

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52 Governance

Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India. (200 words) 10 marks

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53 Governance

The concept of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success. (200 words) 10 marks

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54 Governance

The product diversification of financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies, namely SEBI and IRDA. Justify. (200 words) 10 marks

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55 Governance

Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances. (200 words) 10 marks

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56 Governance

Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks

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57 Governance

Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks

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58 Polity

The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution.’ Discuss critically. (200 words) 10 marks

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59 Polity

Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the `Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution. (200 words) 10 marks

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60 Polity

 Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution. (200 words) 10 marks

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61 Polity

 The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention? (200 words) 10 marks

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62 International Relations.

 WTO is an important international institution where decisions taken affect countries in profound manner. What is the mandate of WTO and how binding are their decisions? Critically analyse India’s stand on the latest round of talks on Food security. (200 words) 12.5 marks.

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63 International Relations.

 India has recently signed to become founding a New Development Bank (NDB) and also the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) .How will the role of the two Banks be different? Discuss the significance of these two Banks for India. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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64 International Relations.

 Some of the International funding agencies have special terms for economic participation stipulating a substantial component of the aid to be used for sourcing equipment from the leading countries. Discuss on merits of such terms and if, there exists a strong case not to accept such conditions in the Indian context. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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65 International Relations.

 The aim of Information Technology Agreements (ITAs) is to lower all taxes and tariffs on information technology products by signatories to zero. What impact should such agreements have on India’s interests? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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66 International Relations.

 With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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67 Indian Governance

 Two parallel run schemes of the Government viz. the Adhaar Card and NPR, one as voluntary and the other as compulsory, have led to debates at national levels and also litigations. On merits, discuss whether or not both schemes need run concurrently. Analyse the potential of the schemes to achieve developmental benefits and equitable growth. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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68 Indian Governance

 Has the Cadre based Civil Services Organisation been the cause of slow change in India? Critically examine. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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69 Indian Governance

Should the premier institutes like IITs/IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independence in designing courses and also decide mode/criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challenges. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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70 Indian Governance

An athlete participates in Olympics for personal triumph and nation’s glory; victors are showered with cash incentives by various agencies, on their return. Discuss the merit of state sponsored talent hunt and its cultivation as against the rationale of a reward mechanism as encouragement. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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71 Indian Governance

 Do government’s schemes for up-lifting vulnerable and backward communities by protecting required social resources for them, lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economics? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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72 Indian Governance

 The penetration of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural areas in promoting participation in development programmes is facing socio-cultural hurdles. Examine. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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73 Indian Governance

 National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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74 Indian Governance

 The setting up of a Rail Tariff Authority to regulate fares will subject the cash strapped Indian Railways to demand subsidy for obligation to operate non-profitable routes and services. Taking into account the experience in the power sector, discuss if the proposed reform is expected to benefit the consumers, the Indian Railways or the private container operators. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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75 Indian Governance

 Though 100 percent FDI is already allowed in non-news media like a trade publication and general entertainment channel, the Government is mulling over the proposal for increased FDI in news media for quite some time. What difference would an increase in FDI make? Critically evaluate the pros and cons. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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76 Indian Polity

 The size of the cabinet should be as big as governmental work justifies and as big as the Prime Minister can manage as a team. How far the efficacy of a government then is inversely related to the size of the cabinet? Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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77 Indian Polity

 Instances of President’s delay in commuting death sentences have come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyze. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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78 Indian Polity

 What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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79 Indian Polity

 The ‘Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members’ as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and un-enumerated privileges to continue. Assess the reasons for the absence of legal codification of the ‘parliamentary privileges’. How can this problem be addressed? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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80 Indian Polity

 Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic features, but it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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81 Indian Polity

  Starting from inventing the ‘basic structure’ doctrine, the judiciary has played a highly proactive role in ensuring that India develops into a thriving democracy. In light of the statement, evaluate the role played by judicial activism in achieving the ideals of democracy. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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82 India and World

 Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help to generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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83 Indian Governance

 “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous”. Discuss in the light of experience in the recent past.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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84 Indian Governance

 “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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85 Indian Governance

 In the light of the Satyam scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate governance to ensure transparency and accountability.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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86 Indian Governance

 Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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87 Indian Governance

 The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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88 Indian Governance

  How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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89 Indian Governance

 The Self-Help Groups (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate. (200 words) 12.5 marks


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90 Indian Governance

 Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 1976. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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91 Indian Polity

 Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgments of the Apex Court in this regard.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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92 Indian Polity

 What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? Discuss.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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93 Indian Polity

 Resorting to ordinance has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be replaced ? (200 words) 12.5 marks

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94 Indian Polity

 Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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95 Indian Polity

 In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government system, ‘panchayats’ and ‘samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.(200 words) 12.5 marks

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96 Indian Polity

The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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97 India and World

Project ‘Mausam’ is considered as a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian government to improve relationship with its neighbours. Does the project has a strategic dimension? Discuss.(200 words)12.5 marks

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98 India and World

 Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.(200 words)12.5 marks

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99 India and World

 Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons. critically examine.(200 words)12.5 marks

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100 Indian Governance

 Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree? Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.(200 words)12.5 marks

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101 Indian Polity

 Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive principles of State policy. (200 words) 12.5 marks

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#Question
1 Security Issues

(a) Discuss the Role of Media in contemporary strategic environment with reference to India. (100 words, 10 marks)
(b) Discuss the role of Money laundering as non-conventional threat. (100 words, 10 marks)
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2 Security Issues

 Explain the following challenges to India’s internal security:
(a)Separatism in Jammu & Kashmir. (100 words, 10 marks)
(b)Left Wing Extremism (LWE) .(100 words, 10 marks)
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3 Security Issues

 Comment on the organization and role of the National Security Guards. Critically examine its deployment in the recent months. (200words, 15 marks)
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4 Security Issues

 Analytically give account of Border Management in India. Also discuss methods of improvement. (200words, 15 marks)
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5 Security Issues

 Define Cyber Security and explain how Social networking sites many affect India’s security? (200words, 15 marks)
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6 Security Issues

 Defence and development are complimentary to each other but lack of development & economic reasons are mainly responsible for the spread of extremism. Discuss critically. (200words, 15 marks)
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7 Statistics

The following table gives age (X) in a year of cars and annual maintenance coat (Y) in hundred rupees.
X: 1       3      5       7      9
Y: 15    18    21     23    22
Estimate the maintenance cost for a 4 year old car after finding the regression equation.(15 marks)
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8 Statistics

 The head of personal Department of large business maintains record of yearly casual leave taken by the employees (record to the nearest half day). Cumulative frequency of the employees taking leave up to certain values is shown below:
No of casual leave days         Less or equal to cumulative frequency
2.5                                                11
5.0                                                24
7.5                                                49
10.0                                              63
12.5                                              72
Construct a frequency table and draw a frequency Histogram. How many casual leave days are most common among employees? (15 marks)
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9 Indian Economy

 (a) Poverty reduction on one hand and sustainable development on the other are mutually exclusive. Do you agree? (100 words, 10 marks)
(b) Populist policies are responsible for mounting deficit in Punjab’s budget. Comment. (100 words, 10 marks)
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10 Indian Economy

 (a) Are non-conventional energy sources feasible and economically viable? Explain. (100 words, 10 marks)
(b) Explain how e-technology has assisted farmers in resolving their multiple agriculture related problems. (100 words, 10 marks)
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11 Punjab Economy

 “Fragmented and unreliable supply chain corrodes the profitability of food processing sector and makes it unattractive for large investments”. Comment with special reference to Punjab. (200words, 15marks)
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12 Indian Economy

 ‘Demographic dividend cannot be achieved without appropriate skill development’. Comment. (200words, 15marks)
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13 Indian Economy

 Discuss the drawbacks of implementation of land reforms in India. Do you think second land reform is required to accelerate India agriculture? Give reasons. (200words, 15marks)
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14 Indian Economy

 Why have the planners failed to achieve the objective of Inclusive growth? Explain. (200words, 15 marks)
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15 Security Issues

How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management, particularly in view of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar? (200 words) 10 marks
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16 Security Issues

Article 244 of Indian Constitution relates to Administration of Scheduled areas and tribal areas. Analyze the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of fifth schedule on the growth of Left Wing Extremism. (200 words) 10 marks
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17 Security Issues

Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same. (200 words) 10 marks
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18 Security Issues

What are social networking site and what security implications do these sites present? (200 words) 10 marks
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19 Security Issues

Money laundering poses a serious threat to country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace? (200 words) 10 marks
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20 Environment

Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal provisions for management and handling of hazardous wastes in India? (200 words) 10 marks
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21 Environment

What are the consequences of illegal mining? Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forests’ concept of “GO AND NO GO” zones for coal mining. (200 words) 10 marks
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22 Disaster Managament

How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management. As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus in a disaster management. (200 words) 10 marks
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23 Science and Technology

What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project? (100 words) 5 marks
Level(1)View/Post Answer

24 Science and Technology

What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their applications in aviation and automobile industries. (100 words) 5 marks
Level(2)View/Post Answer

25 Science and Technology

How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology. (100 words) 5 marks
Level(1)View/Post Answer

26 Science and Technology

What is digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient built in features of a digital signature. (100 words) 5 marks
Level(1)View/Post Answer

27 Science and Technology

What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicon tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system? (200 words) 10 marks
Level(1)View/Post Answer

28 Science and Technology

What do you understand by Fixed Dose Drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits. (200 words) 10 marks
Level(2)View/Post Answer

29 Science and Technology

Bring out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to section 3(d) in the India n Patent Law, 1970. Discuss how it has been utilized by Supreme court in its judgment rejecting Novartis' patent application for “Glivec“. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision. (200 words) 10 marks
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30 Economy

Adoption of PPP model for infrastructure development of the country has not been free from criticism. Critically discuss the pros and cons of the model. (200 words) 10 marks
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31 Economy

Write a note on India’s green energy corridor to alleviate the problems of conventional energy. (200 words) 10 marks
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32 Economy

Discuss the rationale for introducing Good and services tax in India. Bring out critically the reasons for delay in roll out for its regime. (200 words) 10 marks
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33 Economy

Though India allowed foreign direct investment (FDI) in what is called multi brand retail through joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI even after a year, has not picket up. Discuss the reasons. (100 words) 5 marks
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34 Economy

Discuss the impact of FDI entry into multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in commodity trade pattern of the economy. (100 words) 5 marks
Level(2)View/Post Answer

35 Economy

Establish the relationship between land reform, agriculture productivity and elimination of poverty in Indian Economy. Discuss the difficulty in designing and implementation of the agriculture friendly land reforms in India. (200 words) 10 marks
Level(2)View/Post Answer

36 Economy

Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indian. Are the competing with the MNCs satisfactorily? (200 words) 10 marks
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37 Economy

India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for better nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement. (200 words) 10 marks
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38 Economy

What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and state levels? Critically analyze the agriculture subsidy regime with the reference to the distortions created by it. (200 words) 10 marks
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39 Economy

Food security bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss various apprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO(200 words) 10 marks
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40 Economy

What is the meaning of the term “tax-expenditure”? Taking housing sector as an example, discuss how it influences budgetary policies of the government. (200 words) 10 marks
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41 Economy

What were the reasons for introduction of Fiscal responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) act, 2003? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness. (200 words) 10 marks
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42 Economy

With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new Companies Bill, 2013 has indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the bill and their implications. (200 words) 10 marks
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43 Security Issues

 China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What thread does it dispose for India’s security? Critically examine. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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44 Security Issues

 In 2012, the longitudinal marking of the high-risk areas for piracy was moved from 65° East to 78° east in the Arabian Sea by International Maritime organisation. What impact does this have on India’s maritime security concerns? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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45 Security Issues

 How illegal transborder migration does pose a threat to India’s security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bring out the factors which give impetus to such migration.(200 words) 12.5 marks
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46 Security Issues

 International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive severity over the airspace above the territory. What do you understand by airspace? What are the implications of these laws on the space above this airspace? Discuss the challenges which this poses and suggests ways to contain the threat. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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47 Security Issues

 The diverse nature of India as a multireligious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact of radicalism which has been in her neighbourhood. Discuss along with the strategies to be adopted to counter this environment. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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48 Environment Issues

 Environmental impact assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before project is cleared by the government. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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49 Disaster Management

 Drought has been recognised as a disaster in view of its party expense, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effect on various vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National disaster management authority, discuss the mechanism for preparedness to deal with the El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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50 Environment Issues

 Should the pursuit of carbon credit and clean development mechanism set up under UNFCCC be maintained even through there has been a massive slide in the value of carbon credit? Discuss with respect to India’s energy needs for economic growth. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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51 Science and Technology

 In a globalised world, intellectual property rights assume significance and are a source of litigation. Broadly distinguish between the terms – copyrights, patents and trade secrets. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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52 Science and Technology

 Can overuse and the availability of antibiotics without doctor’s prescription, the contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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53 Science and Technology

 Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as our business operations, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumer oriented. Critically comment. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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54 Indian Economy

 Foreign direct investment in the defence sector is now said to be liberalised. What influence this is expected to have on Indian defence and economy in the short and long run? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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55 Indian Economy

 National urban transport policy emphasizes on moving people instead of moving vehicles. Discuss critically the success of various strategies of the government in this regard. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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56 Indian Economy

 Explain how private public partnership agreements, in longer gestation infrastructure projects, can transfer unsuitable liabilities to the future. What arrangements need to be put in place to ensure that successive generations’ capacities are not compromised? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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57 Indian Economy

 Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourages shortsightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it be correct to believe and adopt capitalism driving inclusive growth in India? Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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58 Indian Economy

 The right to fair compensation and transparency land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. What implication would it have on industrialisation and agriculture in India? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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59 Indian Economy

 “In the villages itself no form of credit organisation will be suitable except the cooperative society.” – All Indian rural credit survey. Discuss this statement in the background of agriculture finance in India. What constrain and challenges do financial institutions supplying agricultural finances? How can technology be used to better reach and serve rural clients? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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60 Indian Economy

 There is also a point of view that agriculture produce market committees (APMCs) set up under the state acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture but also have been the cause of food inflation in India. Critically examine. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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61 Indian Economy

 While we found India’s demographic dividend, we ignore the dropping rates of employability. What are we missing while doing so? Where will the jobs that India desperately needs come from? Explain. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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62 Indian Economy

 Normally countries shift from agriculture to industry and then later to services, but India shifted directly from agriculture to services. What are the reasons for the huge growth of services vis-a-vis industry in the country? Can India become a developed country without a strong industrial base? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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63 Security Issues

 Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the country, India needs a “Digital Armed Force” to prevent crimes. Critically evaluate the National Cyber Security Policy, 2013 outlining the challenges perceived in its effective implementation. (200 words) 12.5marks.
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64 Security Issues

 The persisting drives of the Government for development of large industries in backward areas have resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multiple displacements. With Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss the corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) doctrine affected citizen back into the mainstream of social and economic growth. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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65 Security Issues

 Religious indoctrination via digital media has resulted in Indian youth joining ISIS. What is ISIS and its mission? How can ISIS be dangerous for the internal security of our country? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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66 Security Issues

 Human rights activists constantly highlight the view that the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958(AFSPA) is draconian act leading to cases of human rights abuses by the security forces. What sections of AFPSA are opposed by the activists? Critically evaluate the requirement with reference to the view held by the Apex Court. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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67 Disaster Management

 The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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68 Environment Issues

  Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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69 Science and Technology

 India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), which has a database containing formatted information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations, is proving a powerful weapon in the country’s fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pros and cons of making this database publicly available under open source licensing. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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70 Security Issues

 Discuss the advantages and security implications of cloud hosting of servers vis-a-vis in-house machine-based hosting for government businesses. (200 marks) 12.5 marks
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71 Science and Technology

 What are the areas of prohibitive labour that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the initiatives that can propel research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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72 Science and Technology

 What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning Systems’ and ‘Precision Positioning Systems’ in the GPS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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73 Indian Economy

 There is a clear acknowledgement that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing and exports. Recognizing this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs requires augmentation. Discuss the issues plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration. (200 words) 12.5 marks.
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74 Indian Economy

 To what factors can the recent dramatic fall in equipment costs and tariff of solar energy be attributed? What implications does the trend have for the thermal power producers and related industry?(200 words) 12.5 marks
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75 Indian Economy

 1. “Success of ‘Make in India’ programme depends on the success of ‘skill India’ programme and radical labour reforms.”Discuss with logical arguments.(200 words) 12.5 marks
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76 Indian Economy

 Craze for gold in Indians has led to a surge in import of gold in recent years and put pressure on balance of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of the Gold Monetization Scheme.(200 words) 12.5 marks
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77 Indian Economy

 What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help overcoming these bottlenecks? (200 words) 12.5 marks
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78 Indian Economy

 In what way could replacement of price subsidy with Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) change the scenario of subsidies in India? Discuss. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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79 Indian Economy

 How can the ‘Digital India’ programme help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What steps has the government taken in this regard? (200 words) 12.5 marks
Level(2)View/Post Answer

80 Indian Economy

  In view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non-viable for a majority of farmers, should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? Critically evaluate the pros and cons. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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81 Indian Economy

  Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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82 Indian Economy

 The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favour of your answer. (200 words) 12.5 marks
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#Question
1 Decision Making

 A) You are determined to change the State of affairs of government primary schools in your city. Poor infrastructure, low attendance of teacher and students and corruption are some of the major issues. What will be your short term and long term action plans to improve the conditions of these schools as the SDM of the city? (100 marks,10 marks)

B) Despite the availability of information about imminent riots in sensitive areas, why have the district administrators generally not been successful in foiling the intentions of rioters? Comment on the shortcomings of administrative actions. (100 marks, 10 marks)
Level(2)View/Post Answer

2 Decision Making

Property tax collected by the city municipal corporation is fairly low as compared to the potential. Only one third properties are assessed. Further, only 30% of assesses are found to be paying tax. However, there is low political will to impose new taxes and collect taxes strictly. In your opinion how can such situations be handled and how can you as municipal commissioner generate the much needed resources? (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(2)View/Post Answer

3 Decision Making

 In big cities, due to shortage of land, housing patterns are changing rapidly. More and More multi-storeyed buildings are coming up and independent houses are being converted into flats, thereby aggravating the problem of sanitation, drinking water supply, traffic jams, parking and so on. In your opinion, how can these problems be tackled by the city managers? Discuss with examples. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

4 Environment Issues

 Write Short notes on the following:
A) Water Pollution Abatement ?(Namami Gange) (100 words, 10 marks)
B) Water conservation under JAL KRANTI ABHIYAN (100 words, 10 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

5 Science and Technology

 A) In a recent held climate change conference in November 2015 at Paris, France .what were the salient features of the draft decision? (100 words, 10 marks)

 B) Why does the Eastern Coast of India experience more frequent Tsunamis in comparison to western Coast? Discuss. (100 words, 10 marks)
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6 Decision Making

 You have been appointed as a municipal commissioner of a water deficit city. Enumerate various measures you would be taking to combat this critical issue in your city. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

7 Environment Issues

 Tons of untreated solid waste/unprocessed garbage is dumped in land fill sites on the outskirts of the cities causing major health issues for nearby residents & severe environmental impacts. In your opinion, what are the health hazards related to it. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

8 Science and Technology

Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizer in Punjab villages has reportedly pushed the State to the brink of health hazards like Blue Baby Syndrome and cancer. In your views, what is the major cause of it? (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(2)View/Post Answer

9 Disaster Management

The intensity of earthquakes in Nepal and Hindukush was equal at Richter scale but the Nepal earthquake was more disastrous in comparison to Hindukush. Why? (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(2)View/Post Answer

10 Science and Technology

Write short notes on the following:
a) Google’s Loon Project (100 words, 10 marks)
b) Bio-energy (100 words, 10 marks)

Level(2)View/Post Answer

11 Science and Technology

 Explain the following:
a)How do stem cells play an important role in procuring human tissues? (100 words, 10 marks)
b)What is heavy water? Discuss its utility. (100 words, 10 marks)
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12 Science and Technology

 Discuss the various government schemes to curb common infectious diseases in human beings. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

13 Science and Technology

 What do you mean by genetically modified foods? (200 words, 20 marks)
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14 Science and Technology

 Describe the salient components of India’s Space programme. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(1)View/Post Answer

15 Science and Technology

Discuss the role of Information Technology in the protection of environment. (200 words, 20 marks)
Level(2)View/Post Answer

16 Case Studies

You are recently posted as district development officer of a district. Shortly thereafter you found that there is considerable tension in the rural areas of your district on the issue of sending girls to schools.
The elders of the village feel that many problems have come up because girls are being educated and they are stepping out of the safe environment of the household. They are the view that the girls should be quickly married off with minimum education. The girls are also competing for jobs after education, which have traditionally remained in boys’ exclusive domain, adding to unemployment amongst male population.
The younger generation feels that in the present era, girls should have equal opportunities for education and employment, and other means of livelihood. The entire locality is divided between sexes in both generations. You come to know that in Panchayat or in other local bodies or even in busy crosswords, the issue is being acrimoniously debated.
One day you are informed that an unpleasant incident has taken place. Some girls were molested, when they were en route to schools. The incident led to clashes between several groups and a law and order problem has arisen. The elder after heated discussion have taken a joint decision not to allow girls to go to school and to socially boycott all such families, which do not follow their dictate.
(a) What steps would you take to ensure girls’ safety without disrupting their education?
(b) How would you manage and mould patriarchic attitude of the village elders to ensure harmony in the inter- generational relations? (250 Words, 25marks)

Level(2)View/Post Answer

17 Case Studies

You are heading a district administration in a particular department. Your senior officer calls you from the State Headquarters and tells you that a plot in Rampur village is to have a building constructed on it for a school. A visit is scheduled during which he will visit the site along with the chief engineer and the senior architect. He wants you to check out all the papers relating to it and ensure that the visit is properly arranged. You examine the file which relates to the period before you joined the department. The land was acquired for the local panchayat at a nominal cost and the papers showed that clearance certificates are available for the two of the three authorities who have to certify the site’s suitability. There is no certification by the architect available on file. You decide to visit Rampur to ensure that all is in the order as stated on file. When you visit Rampur, you find that the plot under reference is a part of Thakurgarh fort and that the walls, ramparts, etc., are running across it. The fort is well away from the main village; therefore a school here will be a serious inconvenience for the children. However, the area near the village has potential to expand into a larger residential area. The development charges on the existing plot, at the fort, will be very high and question of heritage site has not been addressed. Moreover, the Sarpanch, at the time of acquisition of the land, was a relative of your predecessor. The whole transaction appears to have been done with some vested interest.
(a) List the likely vested interest of the concerned parties.
(b) Some of the options for action available to you are listed below. Discuss the merits and demerits of each of the options:
(i) You can await the visit of the superior officer and let him take a decision.
(ii) You can seek his advice in writing or on phone.
(iii) You can consult your predecessor/ colleagues, etc, and then decide what to do.
(iv) You can find out if any alternate plot can be got in exchange and then send a comprehensive written report.
Can you suggest any other option with proper justifications? (250 Words,25marks)

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18 Case Studies

There is a disaster prone state having frequent landslides, forest fires, cloudbursts, flash floods and earthquakes, etc. Some of these are seasonal and often unpredictable. The magnitude of the disaster is always unanticipated. During one of the seasons a cloudburst caused a devastating floods and landslides leading to high casualties. There was major damage to infrastructure like roads, bridges and power generating units. This led to more than 100000 pilgrims, tourist and other locals trapped across different routes and locations. The people trapped in your area of responsibility includes senior citizens, patients in hospitals, women and children, hiker, tourist, ruling parties, regional presidents along with his family, additional chief secretary of the neighboring state and prisoners in jail.
As a civil services officer of the state, what would be the order in which you would rescue these people and why? Give Justifications (200 Words, 20marks)


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19 Case Studies

One of the scientists working in the R&D laboratory of a major pharmaceutical company discovers that one of the company’s bestselling veterinary drugs has the potential to cure a currently incurable liver disease which is prevalent in tribal areas. However, developing a variant of the drug suitable for human being entailed a lot of research and development having a huge expenditure to the extent of Rs. 50 crores. It was unlikely that company would recover the cost as the disease was rampant only in poverty stricken areas having very little market otherwise.
If you were the CEO, then
(a) Identify the various actions that you could take
(b) Evaluate the pros and cons of each of your actions (250 words, 20marks)

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20 Case Studies

You are the Sarpanch of a Panchayat. There is a primary school run by the government in your area. Midday meals are provided to children attending the school. The headmaster has now appointed a new cook in the school to prepare the meals. However, when it is found that cook is from Dalit community, almost half of the children belonging to higher castes are not allowed to take meals by their parents. Consequently the attendance in the schools falls sharply. This could result in the possibility of discontinuation of midday meal scheme, thereafter of teaching staff and subsequent closing down the school.
(a) Discuss some feasible strategies to overcome the conflict and to create right ambiance.
(b) What should be the responsibilities of different social segments and agencies to create positive social ambiance for accepting such changes? (250 Words, 20marks)

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21 Case Studies

A private company is known for its efficiency, transparency and employee welfare. The company though owned by a private individual has a cooperative character where employees feel a sense of ownership. The company employs nearly 700 personnel and they have voluntarily decided not to form union.
One day suddenly in the morning, about 40 men belonging to political party gate crashed into the factory demanding jobs in the factory. They threatened the management and employees, and also used foul language. The employees feel demoralized. It was clear that those people who gate crashed wanted to be on the payroll of the company as well as continue as the volunteers/members of the party.
The company maintains high standards in integrity and does not extend favours to civil administration that also includes law enforcement agency. Such incident occurs in public sector also.
(a) Assume you are the CEO of the company. What would you do to diffuse the volatile situation on the date of gate crashing with the violent mob sitting inside the company premises?
(b) What can be the long term solution to the issue discussed in the case?
(c) Every solution/action that you suggest will have a negative and a positive impact on you as (CEO), the employees and the performance of the employees. Analyse the consequences of each of your suggested actions. (250 Words, 20marks)

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22 Ethics

Public servants are likely to confront with the issues of “Conflict of Interest”. What do you understand by the term “Conflict of Interest” and how does it manifest in the decision making by public servants? If faced with the conflict of interest situation how would you resolve it? Explain with the help of examples. (150 words,10marks)
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23 Ethics

At the international level, bilateral relations between most nations are governed on the policy of promoting one’s own national interest without any regard for the interest of other nations. This lead to conflicts and tension between the nations. How can ethical consideration help resolve such tensions? Discuss with specific examples. (150 words,10marks)
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24 Ethics

Today we find that in-spite of various measures of prescribing codes of conduct, setting up vigilance cells/commissions, RTI, active media and strengthening of legal mechanism, corrupt practices are not coming under control.
(a) Evaluate the effectiveness of these measures with justifications.
(b) Suggest more effective strategies to tackle this menace. (150 words,10marks)

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25 Ethics

Two different kinds of attitudes exhibited by public servants towards their work have been identified as bureaucratic attitude and the democratic attitude.
(a) Distinguish between these two terms and write their merits and demerits.
(b) Is it possible to balance the two too create a better administration for the faster development of our country? (150 words,10marks)

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26 Ethics

 (a) Social values are more important than economic values. Discuss the above statement with examples in the context of inclusive growth of a nation. (150 words, 10marks)
(b) Some recent developments such as introduction of RTI Act, media and judicial activism, etc. are proving helpful in bringing about greater transparency and accountability in the functioning of the government. However, it is also being observed that at times the mechanisms are misused. Another negative effect is that the officers are now afraid to take prompt decisions. Analyse the situation in detail and suggest how the dichotomy can be resolved. Suggest how these negative impacts can be minimised. (150 words, 10marks)

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27 Ethics

(a) “A mere compliance with law is not enough, the public servant also have to have a well developed sensibility to ethical issues for effective discharge of duties” Do you agree? Explain with the help of two examples where (i) an act is ethically right, but not legally and (ii) an act is legally right, but not ethically. (150 words, 10marks)
(b) How do the virtues of trustworthiness and fortitude get manifested in public service? Explain with examples (150 words,10marks)

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28 Ethics

Given are two quotations of moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these, bring out what it means to you in the present context.
(a) “The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.’ (150 words, 10marks)
(b) ‘We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.’ (150 words, 10marks)

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29 Ethics

 (a) What in meant by ‘environmental ethics? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics. (150 words, 10marks)
(b) Differentiate between the following (200 words, 10marks)
(1) Law and Ethics
(2) Ethical management and Management of ethics
(3) Discrimination and Preferential treatment
(4) Personal ethics and Professional ethics

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30 Ethics-Case Study

You are the Executive Director of an upcoming InfoTech Company which is making a name for itself in the market.
Mr. A, who is a star performer, is heading the marketing team. In a short period of one year, he has helped in doubling the revenues as well as creating a high brand equity for the Company so much so that you are thinking of promoting him. However, you have been receiving information from many corners about his attitude towards the female colleagues; particularly his habit of making loose comments on women. In addition, he regularly sends indecent SMS’s to all the team members including his female colleagues.
One day, late in the evening, Mrs. X, who is one of Mr. A’s team members, comes to you visibly disturbed. She complains against the continued misconduct of Mr. A, who has been making undesirable advances towards her and has even tried to touch her inappropriately in his cabin. She tenders her resignation and leaves your office. (20 marks | 250 words)

(a)What are the options available to you?
(b)Evaluate each of these options and choose the option you would adopt, giving reasons. (250 words) 20 marks
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31 Ethics-Case Study

As a senior officer in the Finance Ministry, you have access to some confidential and crucial information about policy decisions that the Government is about to announce. These decisions are likely to have far-reaching impact on the housing and construction industry. If the builders have access to this information beforehand, they can make huge profits. One of the builders has done a lot of quality work for the Government and is known to be close to your immediate superior, who asks you to disclose this information to the said builder. (250 words) 20 marks

(a)What are the options available to you?
(b)Evaluate each of these options and choose the option which you would adopt, giving reasons.
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32 Ethics-Case Study

You are heading a leading technical institute of the country. The institute is planning to convene an interview panel shortly under your chairmanship for selection of the post of professors. A few days before the interview, you get a call from the Personal Secretary (PS) of a senior government functionary seeking your intervention in favour of the selection of a close relative of the functionary for this post. The PS also informs you that he is aware of the long pending and urgent proposals of your institute for grant of funds for modernization, which are awaiting the functionary’s approval. He assures you that he would get these proposals cleared.

(a)What are the options available to you?
(b)Evaluate each of these options and choose the option which you would adopt, giving reasons. (250 words) 20 marks
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33 Ethics-Case Study

Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu is known for its manufacturing clusters on firecrackers and matches. The local economy of the area is largely dependent on firecrackers industry. It has led to tangible economic development and improved standard of living in the area.
So far as child labour norms for hazardous industries like firecrackers industry are concerned, International Labour Organization (ILO) has set the minimum age as 18 years. In India, however, this age is 14 years.
The units in industrial clusters of firecrackers can be classified into registered and non-registered entities. One typical unit is household-based work. Though the law is clear on the use of child labour employment norms in registered/non-registered units, it does not include household-based works. Household-based work means children working under the supervision of their parents/relatives. To evade child labour norms, several units project themselves as household-based works but employ children from outside. Needless to say that employing children saves the costs for these units leading to higher profits to the owners.
On your visit to one of the units at Sivakasi, the owner takes you around the unit which has about 10-15 children below 14 years of age. The owner tells you that in his household-based unit, the children are all his relatives. You notice that several children smirk, when the owner tells you this. On deeper enquiry, you figure out that neither the owner nor the children are able to satisfactorily establish their relationship with each other.


(a)Bring out and discuss the ethical issues involved in the above case.
(b)What would be your reaction after your above visit? (350 words) 25 marks
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34 Ethics-Case Study

You are working as an Executive Engineer in the construction cell of a Municipal Corporation and are presently in-charge of the construction of a flyover. There are two Junior Engineers under you who have the responsibility of day-to-day inspection of the site and are reporting to you, while you are finally reporting to the Chief Engineer who heads the cell. While the construction is heading towards completion, the Junior Engineers have been regularly reporting that all construction is taking place as per design specifications. However, in one of your surprise inspections, you have noticed some serious deviations and lacunae which, in your opinion, are likely to affect the safety of the flyover. Rectification of these lacunae at this stage would require a substantial amount of demolition and rework which will cause a tangible loss to the contractor and will also delay completion. There is a lot of public pressure on the Corporation to get this construction completed because of heavy traffic congestion in the area. When you brought this matter to the notice of the Chief Engineer, he advised you that in his opinion it is not a very serious lapse and may be ignored. He advised for further expediting the project for completion in time. However, you are convinced that this was a serious matter which might affect public safety and should not be left unaddressed.
What will you do in such a situation? Some of the options are given below. Evaluate the merits and demerits of each of these options and finally suggest what course of action you would like to take, giving reasons. (250 words) 20 marks

(i)Follow the advice of the Chief Engineer and go ahead.
(ii)Make an exhaustive report of the situation bringing out all facts and analysis along with your own viewpoints stated clearly and seek for written orders from the chief Engineer.
(iii)Call for explanation from the Junior Engineers and issue orders to the contractor for necessary correction within targeted time.
(iv)Highlight the issue so that it reaches superiors above the Chief Engineer.
(v)Considering the rigid attitude of the Chief Engineer, seek transfer from the project or report sick.
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35 Ethics-Case Study

A Public Information Officer has received an application under RTI Act. Having gathered the information, the PIO discovers that the information pertains to some of the decisions taken by him, which were found to be not altogether right. There were other employees also who party to these decisions were. Disclosure of the information is likely to lead to disciplinary action with possibility of punishment against him as well as some of his colleagues. Non-disclosure or part disclosure or camouflaged disclosure of information will result into lesser punishment or no punishment.
The PIO is otherwise an honest and conscientious person but this particular decision, on which the RTI application has been filed, turned out to be wrong. He comes to you for advice.
The following are some suggested options. Please evaluate the merits and demerits of each of the options:
(i)The PIO could refer the matter to his superior officer and seek his advice and act strictly in accordance with the advice, even though he is not completely in agreement with the advice of the superior.
(ii)The PIO could proceed on leave and leave the matter to be dealt by his successor in office or request for transfer of the application to another PIO.
(iii)The PIO could weigh the consequences of disclosing the information truthfully, including the effect on his career, and reply in a manner that would not place him or his career in jeopardy, but at the same time a little compromise can be made on the contents of the information.
(iv)The PIO could consult his other colleagues who are party to the decision and take action as per their advice.

Also please indicate (without necessarily restricting to the above options) what you would like to advise, giving proper reasons. (250 words) 20 marks
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36 Ethics

It is often said that ‘politics’ and ‘ethics’ do not go together. What is your opinion in this regard? Justify your answer with illustrations. (150 words) 10 marks
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37 Ethics

“The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life? (150 words) 10 marks
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38 Ethics

Given below are three quotations of great moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these quotations, bring out what it means to you in the present context:
a) “There is enough on this earth for every one’s need but for no one’s greed.” Mahatma Gandhi. (150 words) 10 marks
b) “Nearly all men can withstand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.”—Abraham Lincoln (150 words) 10 marks
c) “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.”—Aristotle (150 words) 10 marks
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39 Ethics

What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? Narrate one incident in your life when you were faced with such a crisis and how you resolved the same. (150 words) 10 marks
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40 Ethics

What do you understand by the term ‘voice of conscience’? How do you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? (150 words) 10 marks
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41 Ethics

What is ’emotional intelligence’ and how can it be developed in people? How does it help an individual in taking ethical decisions? (150 words) 10 marks
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42 Ethics

Some people feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others strongly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (150 words) 10 marks
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43 Ethics

Indicate two more attributes which you consider important for public service. Justify your answer (100 words) 10 marks
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44 Ethics

What do you understand by the following terms in the context of public service? (250 words) 3x5=15 marks
a) Integrity
b) Perseverance
c) Spirit of service
d) Commitment
e) Courage of conviction
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45 Ethics

What do you understand by ‘values’ and ‘ethics’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent? (150 words) 10 marks
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46 Ethics

 In our country, the migration of rural people to towns and cities is increasing drastically. This is causing serious problems both in the rural as well as in the urban areas. In fact, things are becoming really unmanageable. Can you analyze this problem in detail and indicate not only the socio-economic but also the emotional and attitudinal factors responsible for this problem? Also, distinctly bring out why—
(a) Educated rural youth are trying to shift to urban areas;
(b) Landless poor people are migrating to urban slums;
(c) Even some farmers are selling off their land and trying to settle in urban areas taking up petty jobs.
What feasible steps can you suggest which will be effective in controlling this serious problem of our country? (250 words) 20 marks
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47 Ethics

 Rameshwar successfully cleared the prestigious civil services examination and was excited about the opportunity that he would get through the civil services to serve the country. However, soon after joining the services, he realized that things are not as rosy as he had imagined.
He found a number of malpractices prevailing in the department assigned to him. For example, funds under various schemes and grants were being misappropriated. The official facilities were frequently being used for personal needs by the officers and staff. After some time, he noticed that the process of recruiting the staff was also not up to the mark. Prospective candidates were required to write an examination in which a lot of cheating was going on. Some candidates were provided external help in the examination. Rameshwar brought these incidents to the notice of his seniors. However, he was advised to keep his eyes, ears and mouth shut and ignore all these things which were taking place with the connivance of the higher-ups. Rameshwar felt highly disillusioned and uncomfortable. He comes to you seeking your advice.
Indicate various options that you think are available in this situation. How would you help him to evaluate these options and choose the most appropriate path to be adopted? (250 words) 20 marks
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48 Ethics

 Suppose you are the CEO of a company that manufactures specialized electronic equipment used by a government department. You have submitted your bid for the supply of this equipment to the department. Both the quality and cost of your offer are better than those of the competitors. Yet the concerned officer is demanding a hefty bribe for approving the tender. Getting the order is important both for you and for your company. Not getting the order would mean closing a production line. It may also affect your own career. However, as a value-conscious person, you do not want to give bribe.
Valid arguments can be advanced both for giving the bribe and getting the order, and for refusing to pay the bribe and risking the loss of the order. What those arguments could be? Could there be any better way to get out of this dilemma? If so outline the main elements of this third way, pointing out its merits. (250 words) 20 marks
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49 Ethics

 You are a no-nonsense, honest officer. You have been transferred to a remote district to head a department that is notorious for its inefficiency and callousness. You find that the main cause of the poor state of affairs is the indiscipline of a section of employees. They do not work themselves and also disrupt the working of others. You first warned the troublemakers to mend their ways or else face disciplinary action. When the warning had little effect, you issued a show cause notice to the ringleaders. As a retaliatory measure, these troublemakers instigated a woman employee amongst them to file a complaint of sexual harassment against you with the Women’s Commission. The Commission promptly seeks your explanation. The matter is also publicized in the media to embarrass you further. Some of the options to handle this situation could be as follows :
1. Give your explanation to the Commission and go soft on the disciplinary action.
2. Ignore the Commission and proceed firmly with the disciplinary action.
3. Brief your higher-ups, seek directions from them and act accordingly. Suggest any other possible option(s). Evaluate all of them and suggest the best course of action, giving your reasons for it. (250 words) 20 marks
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50 Ethics

 Suppose one of your close friends, who is also aspiring for civil services, comes to you for discussing some of the issues related to ethical conduct in public service. He raises the following points :
1. In the present times, when unethical environment is quite prevalent, individual attempts to stick to ethical principles may cause a lot of problems in one’s career. It may also cause hardship to the family members as well as risk to one’s life. Why should we not be pragmatic and follow the path of least resistance, and be happy with doing whatever good we can?
2. When so many people are adopting wrong means and are grossly harming the system, what difference would it make if only a small minority tries to be ethical? They are going to be rather ineffective and are bound to get frustrated.
3. If we become fussy about ethical considerations, will it not hamper the economic progress of our country? After all, in the present age of high competition, we cannot afford to be left behind in the race of development.
4. It is understandable that we should not get involved in grossly unethical practices, but giving and accepting small gratifications and doing small favours increases everybody’s motivation. It also makes the system more efficient. What is wrong in adopting such practices?
Critically analyze the above viewpoints. On the basis of this analysis, what will be your advice to your friend? (250 words) 20 marks
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51 Ethics

 Now-a-days, there is an increasing thrust on economic development all around the globe. At the same time, there is also an increasing concern about environmental degradation caused by development. Many a time, we face a direct conflict between developmental activity and environmental quality. It is neither feasible to stop or curtail the development process, nor it is advisable to keep degrading the environment, as it threatens our very survival.
Discuss some feasible strategies which could be adopted to eliminate this conflict and which could lead to sustainable development. (250 words) 20 marks
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52 Ethics

 We are witnessing increasing instances of sexual violence against women in the country. Despite existing legal provisions against it, the number of such incidences is on the rise. Suggest some innovative measures to tackle this menace. (150 words) 10 marks
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53 Ethics

 What does ‘accountability’ mean in the context of public service? What measures can be adopted to ensure individual and collective accountability of public servants? (150 words) 10 marks
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54 Ethics

 What factors affect the formation of a person’s attitude towards social problems? In our society, contrasting attitudes are prevalent about many social problems. What contrasting attitudes do you notice about the caste system in our society? How do you explain the existence of these contrasting attitudes? (150 words) 10 marks
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55 Ethics

 It is often said that poverty leads to corruption. However, there is no dearth of instances where affluent and powerful people indulge in corruption in a big way. What are the basic causes of corruption among people? Support your answer with examples. (150 words) 10 marks
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56 Ethics

 The current society is plagued with widespread trust-deficit. What are the consequences of this situation for personal well-being and for societal well-being? What can you do at the personal level to make yourself trustworthy? (150 words) 10 marks
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57 Ethics

 There is a heavy ethical responsibility on the public servants because they occupy positions of power, handle huge amounts of public funds, and their decisions have wide-ranging impact on society and environment. What steps have you taken to improve your ethical competence to handle such responsibility? (150 words) 10 marks
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58 Ethics

 Which eminent personality has inspired you the most in the context of ethical conduct in life? Give the gist of his/her teachings giving specific examples, describe how you have been able to apply these teachings for your own ethical development. (150 words) 10 marks
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59 Ethics

 “Human beings should always be treated as ‘ends’ in themselves and never as merely `means’.” Explain the meaning and significance of this statement, giving its implications in the modern techno-economic society. (150 words) 10 marks
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60 Ethics

 “Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, but knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.” What do you understand by this statement? Explain your stand with illustrations from the modern context. (150 words) 10 marks
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61 Ethics

 What do you understand by ‘probity’ in public life? What are the difficulties in practicing it in the present times? How can these difficulties be overcome? (150 words) 10 marks
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62 Ethics

 In the context of defence services, ‘patriotism’ demands readiness to even lay down one’s life in protecting the nation. According to you, what does patriotism imply in everyday civil life? Explain with illustrations and justify your answer. (150 words) 10 marks
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63 Ethics

 What does ethics seek to promote in human life? Why is it all the more important in public administration? (150 words) 10 marks
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64 Ethics

 All human beings aspire for happiness. Do you agree? What does happiness mean to you? Explain with examples. (150 words) 10 marks
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