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Context: Economy today has become one of the most complex system all around the globe. The world has come a long way from barter trading (although not vanished) to the contemporary complex system of b ......Read More
Growth refers to increase in size or quantity such as height, weight and income of an individual/entity. Growth is therefore quantifiable in terms of units such as meters, kilogram, rupee etc. Whereas ......Read More
The scientific study of pests and pest control strategies is often called economic entomology in recognition of the financial impact insects have on industry, agriculture, and human society in general ......Read More
Equity crowd funding is the name given to the process whereby people (the “crowd”) invest in an unlisted company (a company that is not listed on a stock market) in exchange for shares in that company ......Read More
Defining Startup U.S. Small Business Administration describes it as a "business that is typically technology oriented and has high growth potential. Paul Graham says that "A startup is a company desig ......Read More
The poverty measure itself is a statistical function which translates the comparison of the indicator of well being and the poverty line which is made for each household into one aggregate number for ......Read More
The concept of human development involves understanding of the human condition with its core being the capability approach. The human condition is defined as "the characteristics, key events, and ......Read More
Foreign Direct Investment, commonly referred to as FDI is an investment made to acquire lasting or long-term interest in enterprises operating outside of the economy of the investor. It is not 'po ......Read More
More than 70% of our population lives in the rural areas, 33% of total poor lives in India, More than 50% of total population doesn’t have any bank accounts. Access to finance by the poor and vu ......Read More
Investopedia defines money laundering as, "The process of creating the appearance that large amounts of money obtained from serious crimes, such as drug trafficking or terrorist activity, origina ......Read More
The traditional threats which defined global security matters for the best part of the 20th century have been quickly replaced by new and re-emerging security challenges. The Global Security - Emergin ......Read More
The Concept Juvenile Justice is a broad term and on a conceptual level refers to the complete well being of child and includes mechanism for adoption; ensuring the rights (social, economic and politic ......Read More
Rights can be defined as social claims. Or more simply demands or entitlements for certain goods or services by people living in a society. These demands are claimed from the Society - serviced either ......Read More
If Fundamental Rights are of any significance for the people of this democratic country, it cannot be felt more than having a fundamental right to life and personal liberty that is guaranteed to us by ......Read More
In a democratic society, the need to accept difference of opinion is an essential ingredient of plurality.Dissent as a right has been accepted by the Supreme Court under right of the freedom of speech ......Read More
Let’s now revert to this distinction. What’s Government? In its simplest yet broadest sense, to govern means to rule or control others. In this sense, the term government can therefore be taken to inc ......Read More
Having said that, the principal modes of governance and hence, the various ways through which social life is coordinated in a society include, Markets, Hierarchies and Networks. Market in this context ......Read More
Before I venture into this domain and try unraveling this phenomenon, let’s sample this: A country rich in natural resources but such resources have either remained unexploited optimally or have been ......Read More
Concept of Corporate Governance: Corporate governance refers to the accountability of the Board of Directors to all stakeholders of the corporation i.e. shareholders, employees, suppliers, customers a ......Read More
During his US visit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi conveyed to his audience: “Reform in governance is my No 1 priority. We are for simplified procedures, speedy decision making, transparency and ......Read More
The LGBT refers to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender communities. It is a collective term that includes within its purview both the concept of third gender (Transgenders), fluid Gender Identity g ......Read More
‘Civil Society’ and ‘Development’ are two concepts that share the underlying principle of ‘People’s Participation for their own Welfare’. In this context the relation between Civil Society (CS) and De ......Read More
Civil Society and Democracy are two inter-related concepts that share the underlying principle of ‘People’s Participation’ in running various affairs of the state. The inter-relation between Democracy ......Read More
Human Rights (HR) as those rights which should be available to all human beings by the virtue of their being part of Human Species. Taking their cue from the social articulation of the human experienc ......Read More
The Concept In broad terms civil society is commonly defined as the area outside family, market and state, encompassing a spectrum of actors and entities with a wide range of purposes, structures, and ......Read More
Feminism is a highly debatable topic. This is basically a movement with a collection of ideologies that aim to establish, define and defend the roles and rights of women in terms of political, social ......Read More
What explains this globalization? As in the case of classical globalization, It is certainly not attributable to conquest, the source of most previous historical episodes where a single economic syste ......Read More
The Concept In theory, the concept of globalization comprises mainly economy, society, culture and politics. In an ideal sense, people from different countries with different cultural backgrounds are ......Read More
VIOLENCE is defined by the World Health Organisation as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual against oneself, another person.” Are men more violent than wo ......Read More
Humans play a very significant role in both promoting and correcting the environmental crisis. It is not a high-carbon “economy” but a high-carbon “society” that needs to be ad ......Read More
United Nations designated June 5 as World Environment Day for raising the level of global awareness. A safe environment is the sum total of many factors. It is a goal that cannot be achieved without b ......Read More
Understanding Foreign Policy The international relations of a country are an outcome of its Foreign Policy, which generally refers to the set of self-interests strategies pursued by the state to safeg ......Read More
Although the two terms may appear to be similar, yet there exists conceptual difference between the two. Globalism is much wider term in terms of its meaning, scope and outcome. While Internationalism ......Read More
The concept of Globalism generally refers to the collective awareness of the world as a shared social space. It entails the dismantling of the barriers to the free flow of resources (human, economic, ......Read More
The Concept The term ‘internationalism’ has no concrete definition as such, and there are multiple schools of thought that perceive the term in different context and interpretations. However, in gener ......Read More
Biosimilars are capturing big pharma's attention. The opportunities for biosimilars are huge for both manufacturers and consumers. The upside of biosimilars is that consumers can get biologics for che ......Read More
Like technology, gardening sector is also changing. People are now switching to soil less gardening technique, popularly known as Hydroponics. Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture, which is the gro ......Read More
An enlightened solution to prevent water scarcity in trans-Himalayan mountain desert like Ladakh by developing conical ice mounds that behave like mini-glaciers, slowly releasing wasting winter water ......Read More
Cloud seeding is an artificial way to create rainfall. It is done either by using artillery to fire shells containing rain-inducing chemicals such as silver iodide into the cloud cover or by dropping ......Read More
Brain fingerprinting is a controversial technique that is advocated as a way to identify a terrorist or other dangerous person by measuring the "brainprint" of that person when shown a particular body ......Read More
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 is awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for their development of molecular machines that are a thousand times thinner than a ......Read More
There's an unprecedented multidisciplinary convergence of scientists dedicated to the study of a world so small, we can't see it -- even with a light microscope. That world is the field of nanotechnol ......Read More
Radioactive waste, arising from civilian nuclear activities as well as from defence-related nuclear-weapon activities, poses a formidable problem for handling and protecting the environment to be safe ......Read More
As the technology gets cheaper, the driverless car future will increasingly become a reality. An autonomous car is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human inp ......Read More
China has successfully launched the world’s first quantum satellite which can provide ‘hack-proof’ communications at speeds faster than light between space and the ground with significant military and ......Read More
Darknets are small niches of the “Deep Web,” which is itself a catch-all term for the assorted Net-connected stuff that isn’t discoverable by the major search engines. This is the anonymous internet, ......Read More
After the successful deployment of the swadeshi Global Positioning System through NAVIC or Navigation with Indian Constellation, ISRO is again reaching for the stars. The Indian Space Research Organis ......Read More
3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. The creation of a 3D printed object is achieved using additive processes. In an additi ......Read More
Virtual reality is an artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment. On a computer, vi ......Read More
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing micro-organism and is often ......Read More
Net Neutrality means treating all information flow on the internet equally without discrimination say between data packets that facilitate VoIP (voice over internet protocol) or video streaming etc. F ......Read More
Net neutrality implies equal access to all websites for all. Any priority given to an application or company on payment basis is seen as violating the concept The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India ......Read More
Optical fiber is a very thin strand of glass or plastic capable of transmitting light from one point to another. Optical fiber can also be called an optical waveguide, since it is a device that guides ......Read More
What’s the difference between cheerfulness and happiness? Despite appearances, these two notions are quite different. Trying to offer an answer to this question may help to shed light on a number of i ......Read More
Values are ideas that a person holds about things and aspects of life. These areguiding principles that mould a person’sbehavior all his life. Quite often values are used to differentiate betwee ......Read More
Human beings are the only animals capable of controlling their behavior, differentiating between right and wrong actions and placing differing values on ideas and deeds. It is this choice of right or ......Read More
After a brief explanation of the concept of "Diplomacy", the article seeks to explain the context, the concept, the emergence, and operation of "Propaganda Diplomacy". It is a concept which has recent ......Read More
Judicial activism means that instead of judicial restraint, the Supreme Court and other lower courts become activists and com...
Rights and Duties are inseparable. They are two sides of a same coin. So as we have Fundamental Rights that we can enjoy ther...
Part III and IV of the Constitution have been together described as “Conscience of the Constitution”. But the fundamental que...
Frontline Gist: Issue April 14, 2017 How the poor die The national health policy’s professed commitment to strengthening the ...
An analysis of the debt and deficit of states based on the budget estimates of 2016–17 shows that almost half of them have a ...
India’s leading corporates have too much debt on their balance sheets; this keeps them from making fresh investment. Banks ar...
Yojana Gist: Issue March 2017 Budget 2017-18 Preface: Every issue of Yojana deals with a single topic comprehensively sharing...
On the surface, India's economy looks solid heading into 2016, with third quarter 2015 growth up 7.4% over third quarter 2014...
Frontline Gist: Issue February 17, 2017 Message from The Marina The unprecedented youth protest in Tamil Nadu demanding revoc...
The human development concept was developed by economist Mahbub ul Haq. At the World Bank in the 1970s, and later as minister...
The Revolt of 1857 is one of the most important chapters in the history of India’s struggle for freedom. There is a lack of c...
Global terrorism is one of the biggest threats of 21st century. Terrorism is defined as “calculated use of violence of threat...
Women were traditionally at a disadvantage in most societies especially by the end of 17th century. The advent of Industrial ...
The Concept In broad terms civil society is commonly defined as the area outside family, market and state, encompassing a spe...
National Consciousness was an outcome of the overall impact of British rule and its exploitative policies. The British coloni...
India imposed anti-dumping duty on export of hydrogen peroxide from Bangladesh, second one after imposing the same duty on ju...
India is all set to notify the operationalising of the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) with the U.S. The n...
An inter-ministerial Indian delegation headed by the Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is going t...
Government of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Seri...
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has supported the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) developed in...