Chakma, Hajong Refugees: The Home Ministry will soon grant citizenship rights to nearly 1 lakh Chakma and Hajong refugees who came from erstwhile East Pakistan five decades ago. Chakma and Hajongs were origninally residents of Chittagong Hill Tracts in erstwhile East Pakistan. Chakmas are Buddhist by faith and Hajongs are Hindus.
Operation Insaniyat: Ministry of External Affairs has started Operation Insaniyat to provide assistance to Bangladesh in response to humanitarian crisis being faced by it due to large influx of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar. Rohingyas are stateless ethnic minority, mostly Muslim, from Rakhine province of Buddhist Myanmar who are forced leave their country due to communal violence and repeated military opeations. Under Operation Insaniyat, material relief will be provided in multiple consignments to Bangladesh.
Global Human Capital Index 2017: According to World Economic Forum Global Human Capital Index 2017, India has been ranked at a low position of 103 out of 130 countries. The GHCI measures country’s ability to nurture, develop and deploy talent for economic growth against 4 key areas of human capital development, capacity, deployment, development and know-how. The top 5 countries in GHCI 2017 are Norway, Finland, Switzerland, United States and Denmark. The rank order in BRICS is Russia, China, Brazil, South Africa and India. The rank order in SAARC is Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Chennai-Vladivostok sea route: India is planning to launch major connectivity initiative, connecting Chennai to Vladivostok in Russia via sea route with an aim to harness natural resources from Northeast Asia and Western Pacific region. It is seen as India’s effort to counter One Belt One Road Initiative of China. It will reduce the cargo shipment time to Russia from present 40 days through St. Petersburg to 24 days through Vladivostok.