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Indian Polity

Sangeet Natak Academy: It was recently in news for Sangeet Natak Academy Award given to Satyabrata Rout. It was set up in 1953 for the promotion of performing arts. It is an autonomous body under Ministry of Culture.
IARI Gogamukh: IARI or Indian Agriculture Research Institute, Gogamukh is third IARI that is being built in Assam’s Dhemaji district located in Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border. It will facilitate development of agriculture sector in North-East India. IARI are premier national institutes financed and administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Sale of Cattle for Slaughter Banned: The Ministry of Environment and Forests have come up with new regulations that bans the sale of cattle for slaughter. The central regulation for cow protection has been notified at the backdrop of rising cases of violence against cow traders by Hindu vigilante groups. The rules have been notified under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960. Slaughter of cows are banned in most parts of the country except parts of the north-east India and Kerala. The new rules will be implemented in the next three months. Across India, the cattle trade is permitted only among farm land owners. Cattle can be only sold to a person possessing documents that he is an agriculturist. As per the new regulations, cattle bought cannot be resold within six months. Young and unfit animals cannot be traded. Animal markets cannot be set up within 50 km of an international border and 25 km of a state border. Transporting cattle outside of the country will require special approval of the state government nominee. All animal markets has to run with the approval of district animal market committee to be headed by a magistrate. The committee will also have two representatives from government-approved animal welfare groups.
Bhupen Hazarika Bridge: It is India’s longest river bridge – the Dhola-Sadia Bridge – on Brahmaputra river in Assam. It is a 3 lane bridge very close to Arunachal Pradesh and is capable of transporting tanks and other army vehicles in case of war.
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Sanchar Kaushal Vikas Pratisthan Scheme: The ministry of communication will impart training to 10,000 people from 10 States/UTs in the first phase. States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Punjab and Haryana will get benefitted in the first phase. Further, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) plans to established more than 1,000 Sanchar Kaushal Vikas Pratisthan in future. In addition, a new award called Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Telecom Skill Excellence Award has been instituted to recognize achievers and talents in Telecom sector.

International Affairs

World No Tobacco Day: May 31 every year is recognised as “World No Tobacco Day”. This day is recognised after a resolution on the same matter was passed by World Health Organisation or WHO and hence is one of the 8 global health campaigns marked by WHO. Tobacco is world’s biggest single biggest cause of preventable deaths.

Economic Affairs

New 1 Re Note: RBI has announced new one rupee note that has been printed by the Government and will soon be put into circulation. The new note will be pink-green in colour, will bear rupee symbol. It will feature ‘Bharat Sarkar’ on its masthead as one rupee note has always been issued by the Central Government. The note will also feature an image of ‘Sagar Samrat’ oil exploration rig.
DIPP to Grant Industrial Licenses for Defence Manufacturing: Earlier the task for giving licenses for defence manufacturing was given to Union Home Ministry. Considering the workload on the Home Ministry, the DIPP has been given the power back to grant licenses for defence manufacturing.
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion or DIPP: DIPP was first established in 1995 and reconstituted in 2000 and merged with Department of Industrial Development. It falls under Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It is responsible for overall industrial policy.
Amended definition of Start-Ups: The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), which is the nodal body for Start-up India, has amended the definition of a start-up. As per the new definition, an entity will be considered as a Start-Up if its turnover is less than Rs 25 crore and has not completed seven years from the date of its incorporation/registration. In the definition, the change is with respect to the time period which is currently five years. The new definition has increased it to 7 years taking into the consideration the long gestation period involved in establishing start-ups. The process of recognition of an entity as a start-up will be through an online application made over the mobile app/portal set up by the DIPP. For the Start-Ups in the biotechnology sector, they will be considered as start-ups for a period of up to 10 years from the date of incorporation/registration. Start-ups will not require a letter of recommendation from an incubator or an industry association to get tax benefits under the Start-up India action plan.
India’s first Underwater Rail Tunnel: The two organizations Afcons Transtonnelstroy and Kolkata Metro Railway Corporation Ltd (KMCRL) involved in implementing the East West Metro have completed boring the India’s first underwater tunnel under the Hooghly river to link Howrah and Kolkata.

Environment and Ecology

Darwaza Band Campaign: Launched by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, the campaign is to promote toilet use and freedom from open defecation across the villages of the country. The campaign will run under Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan. It supported by the World Bank and aims at behavioural change in the people. It is important to note that Swatchh Bharat Abhiyaan has two sub-missions under it.
Cyclone ‘Mora’: It is the tropical cyclone in Bay of Bengal. It is the second cyclone of 2017 season after cyclone Maarutha which occurred in April. It made a landfall on Bangladesh coast.
North Indian Cyclone Season: Every year in Indian Ocean, the tropical cyclone season is observed between April to December. There occur two peaks during this season, May and November.

Environment and Ecology

GSLV-MK III: GSLV-MK III was successfully launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. It is the heaviest of all rockets developed by ISRO. It can put 4 tonnes satellite in the Geosychronous Transfer Orbit and up to 8 tonnes in Low Earth Orbit. This capacity enables it to carry a manned module in the space. It has 3 stages and the upper or the third stage being the cryogenic stage. It is India’s first fully functional rocket to be tested with a cryogenic engine and will be shortest yet heaviest rocket of ISRO.
Biofuels: Scientists from IIT Kharagpur have developed a technology through which the pollution associated with biofuels industry can be mitigated. The pollution occurs because of chemical treatment of ligno-cellulosic components. The new technology will degrade lignin using enzymes and hence no chemical treatment would be required thereby reducing the pollution level of biofuel industry. Lignins are complex organic polymers found in cell walls of plants. The residual biomass will be used as biofuel. The technology has been named as “Soil-to-Soil”. Biofuels are going to be important sources of energy in near future and the National Policy on Biofuels has also set the target at 20% blending of biofuel with petrol 2017.

Person in News

Satyabrata Rout: Satyabrata Rout has been awarded Sangeet Natak Academy Award for the year 2016. He is a professor from the Department of Theatre Arts in University of Hyderabad. He is one of the pioneers in ‘visual theatre’ in India.
KPS Gill:
KPS Gill, an IPS officer of the Assam-Meghalaya cadre of the 1958 batch, who is often credited with rooting out militancy in Punjab has passed away at the age of 82. He was known as a ‘super cop’ for his work in the fields of policing and security. Gill led the ‘Operation Black Thunder’ in May 1988 to eliminate militants hiding in the Golden Temple. He is credited for completely eliminating the Khalistani terrorism in Punjab. Unlike Operation Blue Star (1984), Operation Black Thunder was highly successful as little damage was caused to the Golden Temple. Operation Black Thunder resulted in the surrender of around 67 Sikhs and the death of 43 militants. Gill was the former director general of police (DGP) of Punjab. He held that post from 1988 to 1990 and then again from 1991 until his retirement in 1995. Gill was conferred with Padma Shri in 1989 for his work in civil services. Gill has held various other posts including president of the Institute for Conflict Management and the president of the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF).

Awards

Sangeet Natak Academy Award: It is an award given by Sangeet Natak Academy and is the highest Indian recognition given to practising artists. It includes prize money of Rs 50,000 besides a Tamrapatra and Angavastram. It is given in music, dance, theatre, other traditional arts and puppetry.

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Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
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