China's Great Firewall

1/4/2017 403 Security Issues | Cyber Security | View Recent Current Affairs

  • China have tightened their grip on internet use in the country through a 14-month long campaign that will target the use of virtual private networks (VPNs) and other "illegal" internet practices.

About Campaign:

  • This campaign would strengthen the network information security and encourage the "healthy" development of the industry.
  • As part of the campaign, locally-based VPN providers need to be approved by the authorities before they can continue business or risk operating illegally.
  • Data centres, internet service providers and content distribution networks will also have to comply with the rules.
  • VPNs are frequently used in China to access sites such as Facebook and YouTube that are blocked by authorities. The regulation of the internet in China is carried out through measures that are collectively known as the Great Firewall, which censor and criminalize sensitive material on the internet.

About China’s Great Firewall

  • The Great Firewall of China, officially known the Golden Shield project, employs a variety of tricks to censor China’s Internet and block access to various foreign websites.
  • The Great Firewall of China is generally considered the largest, most extensive, and most advanced Internet censorship regime in the world.
  • China censors content for a variety of reasons, often because it’s critical of the Chinese government or contrary to Communist Party policy. China doesn’t just block individual websites — they use techniques to scan URLs and web page content for blacklisted keywords like “Tiananmen” and block such traffic.
  • By blocking foreign social networking sites like Twitter and forcing their citizens to use alternatives like Sina Weibo, China is able to control social-networking sites, gaining the ability to censor posts on them. China also hires people who are paid to post content favorable to Communist Party policy on the Internet, attempting to sway public opinion.

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