Recent Initiatives by the Government for urban rejuvenation

30/4/2017 620 Geography | Urbanisation | View Recent Current Affairs

  • The Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) has increased the grant to ULBs for 2015-2020 by 277 per cent. With the higher devolution of taxes to the states and grants to the ULBs, the overall public funds available for urban rejuvenation have increased.
  • Smart Cities Mission (SCM) is a holistic city rejuvenation programme for 100 cities in India. Under the SCM, the core infrastructure elements in a smart city includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour push toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing state/cities are being encouraged to come out with innovative solutions and Ministry supports them technically and financially. Some of the initiatives being taken are waste to energy, composting plants, capping of the dumpsites. All the initiatives are being supported by capacity building efforts to empower the Municipal Authorities to carry out their functions properly.
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) aims to improve basic urban infrastructure in 500 cities/ towns which would be known as Mission cities/ towns. The Mission further aims to cover all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities, including Cantonment Boards (civilian areas) and certain other cities like capital towns, some cities on stem of main rivers and tourist and hill destinations. The components which are to be covered under the Mission are: water supply, sewerage, seepage, storm water drains, urban transport, in particular, with the focus on facilities for non-motorised transport and development of green space and parks with special provision for children-friendly components in 500 cities & towns.
  • Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) has a focus on holistic development of heritage cities. The scheme aims to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative and secured environment. It is being implemented in 12 cities namely: Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal. The scheme is implemented in a mission mode.
  • The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched on 2nd October, 2014, with a target to make the country clean by 2019. All 4041 statutory towns as per census 2011 are covered under SBM. The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices. Under the solid waste management state/cities are being encouraged to come out with innovative solutions and MoUD supports them technically and financially. Some of the initiatives being taken are waste to energy, composting plants, capping of the dumpsites. All the initiatives are being supported by capacity building efforts to empower the Municipal Authorities to carry out their functions properly.

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