Joint operational doctrine for army, navy, IAF

1/5/2017 320 Security Issues | Internal Security | View Recent Current Affairs

  • A "joint doctrine" providing for deeper operational synergies among the army, navy and air force was unveiled with an aim coherently deal with all possible security threats facing India including conventional and proxy wars.

Main highlights of the doctrine:

  • The joint doctrine proposes joint training of personnel, unified command and control structure besides pushing for a tri-service approach for modernisation of the three forces.
  • The doctrine will facilitate establishment of a broad framework of concepts and principles for joint planning and conduct of operations across all the domains such as land, air, sea, space and cyber-space.
  • India's strategic interests along the Northern, Western and Eastern borders and sensitivities along the Line of Control (LoC) and Line of Actual Control (LAC) will have to be protected with effective deterrent capabilities.
  • Maintaining territorial integrity and preserving national sovereignty continues to remain a major strategic challenge for India
  • India's threats primarily emanate from the disputed land borders with certain neighbours and that the need to address consequences of instability and volatility in parts of India's extended and immediate neighbourhood remains a priority.
  • Transnational threats posed by the activities of State and Non-State sponsored terrorist organisations are exacerbated by the dynamics of intra and inter-State conflicts which pose a danger to regions beyond our primary theatres," said the document.
  • In case of war the land, air and naval commanders will have to jointly formulate, orchestrate and implement war plans to ensure a well-oiled fighting machinery.
  • Steps to be  initiated for establishment of the 'Defence Cyber Agency', 'Defence Space Agency' and 'Special Operations Division'.
  • The layered hierarchies of the national security structures should integrate to get the most out of the expertise available,"
  • India remains concerned about the presence and role of external powers in the Indian Ocean Region, adding security challenges are exacerbated by several countries vying to acquire Weapons of Mass Destructionix (WMD).
  • The fragile security environment in the Af-Pak region and neighbouring support to proxy war in Jammu & Kashmir, lends a possibility of it being a conduit for eastward spread of fundamentalist and radical ideologies
  • Having an  'Integrated Theatre Battle' to ensure decisive victory in a network centric environment across the entire spectrum of conflict in varied geographical domains, will be the guiding philosophy for evolution of war fighting strategies.
  • Special forces operations will be conducted by specially selected troops of the Army, Navy and Air Force who are trained, equipped and organised to operate in hostile territory in all dimensions - land, air and sea.
  • Higher Defence Organisation will foster further inter-Service coordination in planning, execution of operations and force planning.
  • Coordination with relevant agencies like RAW, Intelligence Bureau and Intelligence organisations of the para-military forces as part of the Joint Intelligence Committee under the National Security Adviser is an imperative to the intelligence structure.
  • War needs to be conducted in such a manner that the Land, Air and Naval Commanders jointly formulate, orchestrate and implement war plans. In order to fight together they need to train jointly
  • To achieve 'jointness', it is essential that personnel from the three services serve together in organisations across the military-strategic, operational and tactical levels

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