US recognizes Jerusalem as Israel’s capital

8/12/2017 389 International Affairs | countries | View Recent Current Affairs

  •  United States has officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and has directed the State Department to initiate the process of moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

History of Jerusalem

  • In 1947, the United Nations devised a plan to divide British mandate Palestine into three entities: a Jewish state, an Arab state and Jerusalem, which would have a unique status as an internationally controlled city.
  • Jewish leaders accepted the plan, but the Arab world rejected it.
  • Following the British withdrawal the next year, a war broke out in which Israel seized the west of the city, while Jordanians and Palestinians took the east.
  • In the next conflict in 1967 Israel seized control of east Jerusalem and later annexed it, in moves never recognised by the international community.
  • The predominantly Palestinian population in the east lives under full Israeli control, but cannot vote in parliamentary elections.
  • Israeli, Palestinian views
  • Israel views the city as its undivided capital, saying that the city “is the capital of the Jewish people for 3,000 years and Israel’s capital since 70 years”.
  • The internationally recognised Palestinian government sees the eastern part as the capital of their future state.
  • Islamist movement Hamas, which controls Gaza and does not recognise Israel, calls Jerusalem the Palestinian capital.

International community’s stand

  • The position of the majority of the international community has been largely unchanged for decades.
  • Essentially Jerusalem is viewed as an issue for final status negotiations between the two sides. United Nations statements suggest, however, that the city could remain the capital of both Israel and a future Palestinian state in any deal.
  • The vast majority of countries have largely followed this line. All embassies are based in the commercial capital Tel Aviv, but most countries simply do not specify what they consider to be Israel’s capital. Thirteen countries did have embassies in Jerusalem until 1980, however, when a U.N. resolution called upon them to remove them.Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, the Netherlands, Panama, Uruguay and Venezuela then shifted their embassies.

Comments (0) - Post a Comment/Reply and Earn Reward Points. Comment/reply will be submitted Only if you are loged in

  • Abhipedia IOS App on Apple APP  Store
  • Videos on Current Affairs Target IAS Prelim 2018
  • IAS Pre 2017 Online Mock Test
  • Leader Ship Board based on Online Mock Tests
  • Issues and Analysis for civil services
  • IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS Online Testing and Evaluation System by Abhimanu
  • Earn as you learn and prepare yourself for civil services

Topper Speaks

Khandagale Dhammapal
Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
View More
my coins