10/1/2018 727 Social Issues | Disadvantaged Groups | View Recent Current Affairs
- Mankidia, one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Odisha, have been denied habitat rights inside the Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) under the historic Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.
- The State Forest Department has objected on grounds that tribals could be attacked by wild animals, especially tigers
- Habitat rights would also create barriers for free movement of tigers and other animals
- Mankidia, a marginalised group that critically depends on making rope with siali fibre that’s richly available in Similipal, would now be deprived of the non-timber forest produce.
- “‘Habitat’ as defined under Section 2(h) of the FRA (Forest Rights Act) includes the area comprising the customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.
- PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups. Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds, because of which PVTGs need more funds directed for their development.
- In this context, in 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category,making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states and one Union Territory(UT), in the country (2011 census).
- The state governments or UT governments submit proposals to the Union Ministry of Tribal Welfare for identification of PVTGs.
- The Central Ministry then examines the proposals in consultation with the Niti Aayog. After ensuring the criteria is fulfilled, the
- Central Ministry selects those groups as PVTGs. -Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups in the state of Odisha, are (13); Birhor, Bondo, Didayi, Dongria-Khond,Juangs, Kharias, Kutia Kondh, Lanjia Sauras, Lodhas, Mankidias, Paudi Bhuyans, Soura and Chuktia Bhunjia.