India State of Forest Report 2015

5/12/2015 582 Geography | Soil and Vegetation | View Recent Current Affairs

  • India’s total forest cover increased by 5,081 sq km between 2013 and 2015.
  • As per this report, total tree and forest cover of the country stands at 7, 94, 245 sq km, which is 24.26% of the geographical area of the country. In last assessment, it was  24.01%.
  • The total carbon stock in the country’s forest is estimated to be 7, 044 million tones, an increase of 103 million tonnes, which is an increase of 1.48 in percentage terms over the previous assessments.
  •  Majority of the increase in forest cover has been observed in open forest category mainly outside forest areas, followed by Very Dense Forest. 
  • The maximum increase in forest cover has been observed in Tamil Nadu – 2, 501 sq km, followed by Kerala – 1, 317 sq km and Jammu & Kashmir – 450 sq km.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77, 462 sq km in the country, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, with a forest cover of 67, 248 sq km and Chhattisgarh – 55, 586 sq km. 
  • Mizoram, with 88.93 percentage of forest cover has the highest forest cover in percentage terms, followed by Lakshadweep with 84.56 per cent.
  • 15 States/Union Territories have above 33 per cent of the geographical area under forest cover. Out of these, 7 States/Union Territories – Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur have more than 75 per cent forest cover.
  • The India State of Forest Report 2015 is the 14th report in the series. It is based on interpretation of LISS III sensor data of indigenous Resourcesat – II satellite. 
  • India’s ambitious target id to bring  33% of its area under green cover.

Concerns :

  • There is a loss of 2,511 sq km of very dense and mid-dense forests that have been completely wiped out, and become non-forest areas.
  • Major forest gains is either from the plantation or from areas which were not detected in early attempt

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