28/10/2016 459 Social Issues | Gender issues | View Recent Current Affairs
- According to Global gender gap report, 2016, the gender gap has narrowed. However, if the projections are correct, the gap will not close until 2186.
- Iceland tops the ranking followed by Finland, Norway and Sweden.
India and gender gap
- India has climbed 21 spots to rank 87th on the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report 2016. In 2015, it was ranked 108th.
- The improvement in ranking, is driven largely by major improvements in education, where it has managed to close its gap entirely in primary and secondary education. With this jump in ranking, India has now overtaken China which is ranked 99th out of 144 countries.
- The report measures gender gap as progress towards parity between men and women in four areas - educational attainment, health and survival, economic opportunity and political empowerment.
- On education attainment India has made considerable strides moving up from 125th rank in 2015 to 113th in 2016. On economic participation and opportunity too, India has moved up to 136th rank in 2016, from 139th the year before. But on health and survival, it has made little progress moving up by a mere one place over last year to rank 142nd in the world. On political empowerment it continues to be ranked 9th in the world.
- But a rather peculiar aspect of this improvement is in the country's ranking on primary and secondary education. In 2015, India ranked 119th on enrolment in primary education and 118th on secondary education. But in the 2016 report, it moved up spectacularly to rank 1 on both sub-indices.
About Global Gender Gap Index
- It was first published by World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2006 and the 2016 report was the 11th edition.
- Through the Global Gender Gap Report, the World Economic Forum quantifies the magnitude of gender disparities and tracks their progress over time, with a specific focus on the relative gaps between women and men across four key areas, namely health, education, economy and politics.
- Economic Participation and Opportunity sub index and Political Empowerment sub index display the full scale of 0.00 to 1.00 while the figures for the Health and Survival and Educational Attainment sub-indexes display the scale only from 0.50 to 1.00 for improving visual clarity.
- There are three basic concepts underlying the Global Gender Gap Index, forming the basis of the choice of indicators, how the data is treated and the scale used. a) First, it focuses on measuring gaps rather than levels; b) Second, it captures gaps in outcome variables rather than gaps in input variables. c) Third, it ranks countries according to gender equality rather than women’s empowerment.