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International Affairs

 Global Counterterrorism Force: GCTF’s is international apolitical, multilateral counter-terrorism (CT) platform of 29 countries and European Union (EU). It was launched officially in New York on 22 September 2011. GCTF’s goal is to strengthen capabilities to develop strategic, long-term approach to counter terrorism and prevent violent extremist ideologies that underpin it.
It was in news because United States and Morocco have launched GCTF Terrorist Travel Initiative under auspices of Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF).

G4 nations: The G4 nations comprise of Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan which support each other’s bids for permanent seats to United Nations Security Council.
However, G4’s bids are often opposed by Uniting for Consensus movement or Coffee Club (ground 12 countries including Pakistan led by Italy).

Sustainable Development Goals: SDGs are 17 global non-binding goals featuring 169 targets to be implemented from 2015 to 2030. SDG Media Compact is initiative of United Nations, in collaboration with UN Foundation.
Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has joined SDG Media Compact aimed at advancing awareness of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Economic Affairs

 Corporate Social Responsibility: CSR is referred as initiative undertaken by CST to assess and take responsibility for company’s effects on environment and impact on social welfare and to promote positive social and environmental change. Its basic philosophy is that income is earned only from the society and therefore it should be given back.
It was in news because The Union Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has constituted High Level Committee on Corporate Social Responsibility – 2018 (HLC-2018) under Chairmanship of Injeti Srinivas, Secretary, MCA.

Financial Inclusion Index: The index has three measurement dimensions (i) Access to financial services (ii) Usage of financial services and (3) Quality. It will serve as single composite index that will give snap shot of level of financial inclusion which will guide Macro Policy perspective.
It can be used directly as composite measure in development indicators. It will also enable to fulfil G20 Financial Inclusion Indicators requirements.
The annual FII will be released by Department of Financial Services (DFS), Ministry of Finance.

Centralised Information and Management System: RBI has proposed CIMS comprising of DW and Data Lake (DL) to harness power of big data analytics. CMIS will include seamless data collection from regulated entities by creating system-to-system interface, system driven data validation and data review, flexible and scalable data repository and providing data dissemination platform. It will also include centralised analytics platform to facilitate.

Science Affairs

 Stem Cells: Stem cell is undifferentiated cell of multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells (through mitosis) of same type and from which certain other kinds of cell may be formed by the cellular differentiation. There are two types of stem cells widely used - Embryonic Stem cells and Induced Pluripotent Stem cells Scientists for first time have successfully grown oesophageal organoids, a miniature, functional versions of human food pipe using pluripotent stem cells in laboratory.

Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit (WAYU): It has been indigenously developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEER) as part of Technology Development Project being funded by Department of Science and Technology. The device works on two principles mainly wind generation for dilution of air pollutants and active pollutants removal.

ASTRA missile: Astra is air to air beyond visual range air-to-air indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Indian Air Force (IAF) has successfully test fired indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) Astra from Su-30 fighter aircraft.

Prithvi Defence Vehicle missile: Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) missile has been developed indigenously by DRDO. It is two-stage missile and both stages are powered by solid propellants. It is guided by high-accuracy Inertial Navigation System (INS) supported by Redundant Micro Navigation System for estimating point of interception.
It was successfully test fired from Abdul Kalam Island earlier known as Wheeler Island.

Indian Polity

Sikkim's first-ever airport

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Sikkim's first-ever airport on 24th September, 2018. It is built at an estimated cost of over Rs. 605 crore, the Pakyong airport is a new distinction for the State of Sikkim which has, in the last three to four years, achieved the distinction of becoming the first "Organic State" of India and also the first "Open Defecation Free" (ODF) State of India.


4th India International Science Festival to be inaugurated by President of India


The fourth edition of India International Science Festival will be inaugurated by President of India in Lucknow on October 6, 2018. IISF-2018 is expected to be represented by approximately 10000 delegates including 5000 students, 550 teachers, 200 students from North-East Region, 20 international delegates and approximately 200 startups. IISF-2018 with its focal theme “Science for Transformation” will have 23 special events.
This time the 'Science Village' will also be organized in the festival.

21st meeting of Central Regional Council


Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh has said that regional councils have an important role in resolving issues related to the public by increasing cooperation between the Center and the states. In the 21st meeting of the Central Regional Council in Lucknow, the Home Minister said that all regional councils have been made active in the last four years.

Person in News

Kalraj Mishra


A Former minister in the Narendra Modi government, Kalraj Mishra, replaced former Uttarakhand chief minister Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri as the chairman of the parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence. There are 24 parliamentary standing committees, of these 16 are under the administrative control of the Lok Sabha and eight under the Rajya Sabha.


Ibrahim Mohamed Solih:

Maldivian presidential challenger Ibrahim Mohamed Solih has beaten incumbent Abdulla Yameen. Results released by the Elections Commission showed Solih had secured 58.3 percent of the popular vote as opposed to the incumbent, President Yameen, who garnered less than 42 percent of the votes

Awards

'Champions of the Earth' award


Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been awarded with the UN’s highest environmental honour, bestowed upon five other individuals and organisations, for his leadership of the International Solar Alliance and pledge to eliminate single use plastic in India by 2022. Six of the world’s most outstanding environmental changemakers have been recognised with the Champions of the Earth Award, the UN’s highest environmental honour.

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Khandagale Dhammapal
Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
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