World Customs Organisation (WCO): It is independent intergovernmental body whose mission is to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of Customs administration. It was established in 1952 as Customs Co-operation Council. It is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. It has more than 180 countries as its members. It was in news recently as the 80th Session of Policy Commission of World Customs Organisation was held in Mumbai.
Qatar shall leave OPEC from January 2019: This week Qatar has announced its withdrawal from Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries from January 2019. Qatar will become the first gulf country to leave OPEC. Qatar has been member of the OPEC since 1961. Its decision has come after it is under boycott from its neighbouring gulf allies including Saudi Arabia since August 2017. It is to be noted that Qatar is world’s largest exporter of LPG and 17th largest exporter of Crude. It holds around 2% of the world’s global oil reserves.
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries: OPEC is intergovernmental organisation of 15 oil-exporting nations that coordinate and unifies the petroleum policies of its member countries. It was established in 1960 in Baghdad in Iraq. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. Its member countries are from Africa, Latin America and Asia. African members include Algeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. Its Asian members include Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE and Qatar. Its Latin American members include Ecuador and Venezuela.
SHINYUU Maitri-18: SHINYUU Maitiri-18 is the first bilateral air exercise between India and Japan. It began at Air Force Station Agra.
International Day of Persons with Disabilities, December 03: The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed every year on December 03 to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development. The theme for the year 2018 is “Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality.” It focuses on empowering persons with disabilities for an inclusive, equitable and sustainable development as part of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
India to host G20 Summit in 2022: India will host 22nd summit of G20 group. 2022 is India’s 75th Independence year. This year G20 summit was held in this week of December in Buenos Aires, capital of Argentina. G20 is premier forum for international economic cooperation and consist of 19 countries and 1 European Union. It represent 85% of the global GDP, 80% of the international trade, 65% of the world’s population. It was started in 1999 as meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors in the aftermath of the Southeast Asian Tigers. It was in 2008 when first G20 Leaders’ Summit was held in Washington DC, US. Prior to this it was merely a forum for meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors.
International Day for Abolition of Slavery: The International Day for Abolition of Slavery is observed every year on December 2. The day remarks the adaptation of resolution ‘Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of the Others’ by UN. As per the International Labour Organisation, more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery and one in four victims of modern slavery are children. Modern slavery is an umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, forced marriage, human trafficking and debt bondage. ILO has adopted a binding protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.