Indian Polity

Making regional language mandatory in Schools: Following Kerala which through an ordinance made teaching of Malayalam mandatory in schools in Kerala, West Bengal has also made it mandatory to teach Bengal as an option subject from class I onwards. This has been mandated for not just government schools but also private English medium schools affiliated to boards other than the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education.
Narmada Seva Mission: It is the programme for the conservation of river Narmada. Narmada river is hailed as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh. The mission includes a roadmap that include a gamut of stakeholders, environmentalists and river conservation experts. The mission was launched with the culmination of biggest river conservation campaign with public participation i.e. Namami Devi Narmada Sewa Yatra which started in December 2016 from Amarkantak which is the origin point of Narmada River. Amarkantak is located in Maikala range and the river drains into Arabian sea in the Gulf of Khambhat. Narmada is among only 3 major rivers that flow from East to West, other 2 being Tapti and Mahi.
CASO as part of Counter Terrorism Operations: CASO stands for cordon and search operations. Indian army has planned to re-introduced CASO as part of counter terrorism operations after a gap of 15 years. Its main aim is to flush out the terrorists from the valley.  CASO was a regular feature of Army’s counter-terrorism operations in the 1990s. The security forces made use of “area domination and sweep” operations in the 1990s. During those times, such operations were commonly conducted by the Indian Army. Later, following the complaints of discomfort caused to the local population, the Army switched to specific intelligence-based operations involving small teams and CASO was discontinued. The recent decision to re-introduce CASO comes against the backdrop of the recent killing of unarmed Kashmiri Army officer Lieutenant Ummer Fayaz in Shopian by militants.
National Technology Day: May 11 is recognised every year as National Technology Day. The day is being commemorated to celebrate the anniversary of first of the five tests of Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) nuclear test, held on 11 May 1998 in Pokhran, Rajasthan.  The operation was led by the former President APJ Abdul Kalam. After conducting two more tests as a part of the Pokhran-II/Operation Shakti initiative, India was declared as a nuclear state by the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. On this same day country’s first indigenous aircraft Hansa-3 was test flown at Bangalore. India also conducted successful test firing of the Trishul missile on the same day. The Trishul missile was developed as a part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The Trishul Missile got inducted by the Indian Army and Indian Airforce. 2017 National Technology Day Theme: ‘Technology for inclusive and sustainable growth’.
Integrated Case Management Information System: It is an initiative of the Supreme Court which is a Digital File System. It is SC’s first step towards becoming paperless digital court. ICMIS will help litigants access data and obtain information about the filing, delays etc. It would pave way for the integration of all courts in the country. The appellants hereafter is not required to file the records as the records will be picked up electronically from trial courts and high courts. The digital filing system will also help in ushering transparency as nothing can be manipulated with this paperless system. Also, the litigants will be able to know the progress of the case on real time basis.

International Affairs

OBOR Summit: Recently, China organised the Belt and Road Forum (BRF) which is a gathering of the world leaders from across the globe. It was to showcase Chinese plans to build a network of trade routes under the OBOR initiative. India boycotted the BRF owing to sovereignty concerns related to China Pakistan Economic Corridor or CPEC. OBOR is an ambitious China’s ambitious development strategy and framework that aims to boost its connectivity and trade that will that will connect Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. It was proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013. It comprises two components viz. the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. OBOR initiative is part of China’s revived 21st century Silk Road diplomacy that seeks to push it to take a bigger role in global affairs as a major global power. It is basically investment and trade promotion scheme aiming to deepen economic connections between China and rest of the world.
Power Accessibility List: The list is published by the World Bank The recent list has shown a jump of 73 positions for India and India’s rank has been improved to 26. The big leap has been attributed to the Pandit Deendayal Gram Jyoti Yojana that aim to provide 24X7 uninterrupted power supply to each rural household across the country by the year 2022. The monitoring of the scheme is done using GARV-II App that provide real-time data of all six lakh villages of the country. This app will bring transparency in implementation of rural electrification programme.
International Court of Justice: ICJ was recently in news because it stayed the execution of former naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav who has been awarded death penalty by the Pakistani Supreme Court on charges of espionage. International Court of Justice was established in 1945 via the UN Charter and its jurisdiction is worldwide. It is located in “The Hague” in Netherlands. It is a  part of the United Nations. The International Court of Justice acts as a world court.  The judgement passed by the ICJ have binding force and are without appeal for the parties concerned. The major functions of the International Court of Justice are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to provide advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international organs, agencies, and the UN General Assembly.

Economic Affairs

New IIP Series: The new series of IIP will include 809 manufacturing products and 55 mining products that are re-grouped into 521 item groups. The new series of IIP will include technology items like smart phones, tablets, LED television etc. A technical review committee has also been established to identify new items by ensuring that the series remains relevant. The committee is slated to meet at least once a year. The base year has been changed to 2011-12.
New WPI Series: The number of items covered in the new series of the WPI has increased from 676 to 697. Overall, 199 new items have been added and 146 old items have been dropped. Under the new series of WPI, weight of manufactured items has decreased to 64.2 per cent from 64.9 per cent in old series. Similarly, the weight of fuel and power has decreased to 13.1 per cent from 14.9 per cent. On the other hand, the weight of primary items have increased to 22.6 per cent from 20.1 per cent. The base year is 2011-12.

Economic Affairs

Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology (JSLIST): It is the US developed technology that is a protective clothing and is classified as CBRN – Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear – support equipment. It will be exported to India by the US and it will protect Indian soldiers from any kind of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear warfare. This is the first major foreign defence sale approved by the Trump Administration.
Ransomware Attack: A global cyberattack has crippled nearly hundred countries across the world. This attack has been made by the mysterious hacker gang called Shadow Brokers. This has been done using a stolen hacking tool called ‘Eternal Blue’ from National Security Agency, USA. This tool gives unprecedented access to all computers using Microsoft Windows. It is considered as the biggest ransomware attack of its kind. The different ransomware that were spread included – WannaCry, WanaCryptOr 2.0, WCry often through mails.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine or PCV: It is a vaccine against pneumonia and part of India’s Universal Immunisation Programme. The vaccine will provide protection against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria which results in pneumonia. This is the twelfth disease for which the Health Ministry has launched a vaccine. The vaccine Pneumococcal Conjugate protects against Streptococcus pneumonia and diseases such as pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections and meningitis. PCV was first introduced in 2000.
KVx Series Laser Wall: The Border Security Force will make use of a newly developed technology that is capable of detecting intrusions and relaying information to the nearest post for action to safeguard the 198 km India-Pakistan international border in Jammu and Kashmir. The technology developed by the Delhi-based defence IoT firm, CRON Systems is expected to bolster BSF’s defences amid strained ties and increase in the number of infiltration bids and ceasefire violations. The new technology called Kavach (KVx) series laser walls has been built indigeneously and are a notch higher than the existing laser walls. BSF is presently pilot testing the Kavach walls along the Samba sector border in Jammu and Kashmir.
EOTT Equipment: EOTT stands for End of Train Telemetry. The Indian Railways has planned to acquire the End of Train Telemetry (EoTT) equipments to run nearly 1,000 trains without guards in the current fiscal. The EoTT system is designed in such a way that it will perform the guard’s job. EoTT system comprises two units, namely, ‘cab display unit’ (CDU) which is fitted on the locomotive and ‘sense and brake unit’ (SBU) which is fitted on the last coach of the train. The units will be fitted with radio transmitter which can communicate with each other.


Person in News

Edouard Philippe: E. Philippe has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of France. He is the second youngest PM of France so far following Laurent Fabius who became French PM at the age of 37. He is aged 46. French President Macron’s party which was founded last year has no representative in the national assembly and majority in national assembly is essential for Macron government to push their agenda forward. This has been a potential region for appointment of Philippe to the post of PM.
Arjun Maini: Arjun Maini has become the first Indian to win a GP3 race. He drives for Jenzer Motorsport. GP3 series is a feeder series to GP2. He won the race at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona. He is supported by JK Racing and TVS.
Moon Jae-in: Moon Jae-in has been appointed as the President of South Korea. Moon will replace the ousted President Park Geun-hye, who was ejected from office in March after a corruption scandal for which she’s awaiting trial.


Madrid Open: Rafael Nadal has won the Madrid Open Title beating Dominic Thiem to clinch his fifth Madrid Open Title. Madrid Open is annual tennis tournament organised every year in Madrid in Spain. It is classified as ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event.

Asian Wrestling Championship:
Sakshi Malik, Vinesh Phogat & Divya Kakran have bagged silver medals at the Asian Wrestling Championship held at the KD Jadhav Stadium in New Delhi. Sakshi fought in the 60 kg category whereas Divya Kakran wrestled in 69 kg category and Vinesh Phogat wrestled in 55 kg category. Harpreet Singh has bagged bronze medal in Greco-Roman weight divisions in the Asian Wrestling Championship held at the K.D. Jadhav arena in the Indira Gandhi Stadium Complex in New Delhi.

Highest wicket taker in Women’s One Day International Cricket:
Jhulan Goswami has become the highest wicket-taker in one-day internationals. Goswami has so far taken 181 wickets in 153 matches. She has broken the world record held by Australia fast bowler Cathryn Fitzpatrick who has taken 180 wickets.

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Topper Speaks

Khandagale Dhammapal
Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
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