Five point peace plan for Rohingya Crisis: Bangladesh’s PM Sheikh Haseena has floated five-point peace plan for Rohingya crisis. The five points are based on firstly, Myanmar must stop violence and practice of ethnic cleansing in Rakhine state unconditionally, immediately and forever. Secondly, UN Secretary General should immediately send fact-finding mission to Myanmar. Thirdly, all civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity, must be protected in Myanmar. For this, safe zones can be created inside Myanmar under UN Supervision. Fourthly, sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar and lastly, recommendations of Kofi Annan Commission Report must be implemented immediately, unconditionally and entirely.
Rohingya Community: Rohingya is a Muslim minority group in Myanmar. They live primarily in Myanmar’s western Rakhine state. They practice Sufi-inflected variation of Sunni Islam. They differ from Myanmar’s dominant Buddhist groups religiously, ethnically and linguistically. They speak Bengali dialect, as opposed to commonly spoken Burmese language in Myanmar. Myanmar considers Rohingyas as illegal Bengali migrants, despite the fact that many have resided in Rakhine province of Myanmar for centuries. Myanmar government refuses to grant them citizenship status, and as a result they do not have any legal documentation, effectively making them stateless. They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education and civil service jobs. UN has often described Rohingyas as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
Chabahar Port: Chabahar Port is located in Iran. The Union Government is hopeful that the strategic Chabahar port in Iran will be operational by end of 2018. Chabahar port is strategically located in south-eastern Sistan-Balochistan province on Gul of Oman, near energy rich Iran’s border with Pakistan. The port has potential of becoming India’s gateway to Afghanistan, Central Asia and Europe. Besides, the port will also act as counterweight to Chinese presence in the region in the wake of Gwadar port being developed by China.
International Peace Day: 21st September is recognised world wide as International Day for Peace. It is observed to acknowledge efforts of those who have strived to end conflict and promote peace. This day is also observed as a day of ceasefire. The theme for the year 2017 was ‘Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All’. It honours spirit of TOGETHER, a global initiative that promotes respect safety and dignity for everyone forced to flee their homes in search of a better life.