Environment and Ecology

Snow Leopard: The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has downgraded the conservation status of Snow Leopard from ‘endangered’ to ‘vulnerable’. Being vulnerable it has now surviving fewer than 10,000 reproductive individuals with a probability of extinction in the wild at least 10% in next 100 years. Snow Leopard is the national heritage animal of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
World Ozone Day: Every year 16 September is recognised as World Ozone Day or International Day for the Protection of Ozone Layer. This year the theme for the Ozone Day was ‘Caring for all life under the Sun’. The day is recognised to commemorate the the signing of Montreal Protocol.
Wood is Good Campaign: The Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change has launched the ‘Wood is Good’ campaign to promote wood as a climate-friendly resource and substitute to materials like steel and plastic as it is carbon neutral unlike other materials which leave carbon footprint in their production.
Labeo filiferus: It is a new species of edible fish that has been found in freshwaters of Pampa River in Kerala. It is named after Labeo genus. Fishes belonging to Labeo genus are widely distributed in inland waterbodies of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, tropical Africa and Syria. Labeo rohita or commonly called Rohu is the fish most commonly used in aquaculture in India and belongs to Labeo genus.

Indian Polity

Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat: Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat scheme was launched recently by the Union Ministry of of Petroleum and Natural Gas. The scheme is launched to distribute LPG connections among rural areas where conventional fuel is used for domestic purposes. The scheme will act as a backup scheme for existing Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana. The scheme shall connect with beneficiaries of Ujjawala Yojana to resolve issues and wrong traditional beliefs among people through officials of oil PSUs, NGOs, Asha workers and social workers.
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana: The ministry of science and technology has launched Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana to formulate and implement appropriate Science and Technology interventions for sustainable development through cluster approach in Uttarakhand.
Deendayal Hastkala Sankul: Deendayal Hastkala Sankul is trade facilitation centre and crafts museum for handicrafts at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It was proposed by Union Finance Minister in his 2014-15 budget speech to develop and promote handlooms, handicrafts and silk products.
Zero Hunger Programme: India’s ambitious Zero Hunger Programme will be launched in October on the Occasion of World Food Day i.e. October 16 with a focus on agriculture, nutrition and health in a symbiotic manner. The programme will be a collaborated effort of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), MS Swaminathan Research Foundation and Biotechnology Research Assistance Council (BIRAC). The programme will be in sync with India’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) to end hunger by 2030. It will be in addition to government’s plan to deal with issue of malnutrition through various other initiatives under its goal to make India malnutrition free by 2022.

International Affairs

Five point peace plan for Rohingya Crisis: Bangladesh’s PM Sheikh Haseena has floated five-point peace plan for Rohingya crisis. The five points are based on firstly, Myanmar must stop violence and practice of ethnic cleansing in Rakhine state unconditionally, immediately and forever. Secondly, UN Secretary General should immediately send fact-finding mission to Myanmar. Thirdly, all civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity, must be protected in Myanmar. For this, safe zones can be created inside Myanmar under UN Supervision. Fourthly, sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar and lastly, recommendations of Kofi Annan Commission Report must be implemented immediately, unconditionally and entirely.
Rohingya Community: Rohingya is a Muslim minority group in Myanmar. They live primarily in Myanmar’s western Rakhine state. They practice Sufi-inflected variation of Sunni Islam. They differ from Myanmar’s dominant Buddhist groups religiously, ethnically and linguistically. They speak Bengali dialect, as opposed to commonly spoken Burmese language in Myanmar. Myanmar considers Rohingyas as illegal Bengali migrants, despite the fact that many have resided in Rakhine province of Myanmar for centuries. Myanmar government refuses to grant them citizenship status, and as a result they do not have any legal documentation, effectively making them stateless. They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education and civil service jobs. UN has often described Rohingyas as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
Chabahar Port: Chabahar Port is located in Iran. The Union Government is hopeful that the strategic Chabahar port in Iran will be operational by end of 2018. Chabahar port is strategically located in south-eastern Sistan-Balochistan province on Gul of Oman, near energy rich Iran’s border with Pakistan. The port has potential of becoming India’s gateway to Afghanistan, Central Asia and Europe. Besides, the port will also act as counterweight to Chinese presence in the region in the wake of Gwadar port being developed by China.
International Peace Day: 21st September is recognised world wide as International Day for Peace. It is observed to acknowledge efforts of those who have strived to end conflict and promote peace. This day is also observed as a day of ceasefire. The theme for the year 2017 was ‘Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All’. It honours spirit of TOGETHER, a global initiative that promotes respect safety and dignity for everyone forced to flee their homes in search of a better life.

Economic Affairs

SATH Programme: SATH stands for Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital. It is NITI Aayog’s programme to initiate transformation in education and health sectors. It embodies the philosophy of co-operative federalism to address the need expressed by many states for technical support from NITI Aayog. SATH programme aims to build three selected states viz. Assam, UP and Karnataka as future ‘role model’ states for health systems.
Google Tez: Tez is Google’s UPI-based digital payment service. It was launched recently but the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in New Delhi. Google has thus become latest international giant to enter into India’s fast growing digital payment ecosystem.
FSI/FAR Norms: The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has ordered reviewing of Floor Spacing Index and Floor Area Ratio norms for mega cities of the country. FSI is ratio of building’s total floor area size to size of the piece of land on which it is built. The review will be done in the cities with population over 1 million. The need for review is to give a push to properly planned urban development in the country. Besides, availability of land in urban areas is critical to meet demand for affordable housing projects under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).

Environment and Ecology

Pralay Sahaym: Pralay Sahayam is a multi-agency disaster relief exercise that was recently held in Hyderabad. The motive of the exercise was to create awareness about man-made and natural climate change and urban disasters including flooding. The exercise was jointly organised by Telangana and central and state agencies, NDRF and Armed Forces.
Sardar Sarovar: PM Narendra Modi dedicated interstate multi-purpose Sardar Sarovar Dam also known as Narmada Dam Project to the nation. It is the highest dam ever built in India and second biggest concrete gravity dam in the world after Grand Coulee Dam in the US. The dam was brainchild of India’s first deputy PM to check excess flow of water from Narmada River into Arabian Sea.

Science Affairs

INS Kalavari: India’s first indigenously built INS Kalavari submarine was handed over to Indian Navy by state-owned Mazagaon Dock Limited in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is first of the 6 Scorpene Class submarines built in India under the Project-75 in collaboration with France. It is a diesel electric submarine named after deep water tiger shark. It is designed to operate in all theatres including the tropics.
Yudh Abhyas 2017: Yudh Abhyas is joint India-US Military Exercise held at Join Base Lewis McChord, Washington US. It is annual bilateral military exercise, alternatively held by the two countries


Prime-time Emmy Awards: The 69th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards ceremony honouring best US primetime television programming were held in California.


Korea Open Title 2017: Indian Ace Shuttler PV Sindhu has won the Korea Open title 2017. At present PV Sindhu is ranked number 4 in the world. Ms. Sindhu has become the first Indian to win Korean Super Series crown.

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Topper Speaks

Khandagale Dhammapal
Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
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