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Autism Bill passed by LS


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The lower House has passed the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities (Amendment) Bill, 2018. The Bill, which was passed by Lok Sabha (December 20), had been approved by the Rajya Sabha last week. Parliament passed the Bill to streamline the appointment and resignation of members of a trust which helps persons with disability to live independently.

What is Autism?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterised by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and nonverbal communication. A combination of genetic and environmental factors influence the development of autism. The disorder often is accompanied by medical issues such as gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures and sleep disturbances.

Autism problem in India:

According to an estimate, autism affects 1 in 59 children. Many people suffering from autism also have sensory issues. These sensory issued can include aversions to certain sights, sounds and other sensations. Recent international studies show that about one in 68 people were diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in India. This means that there are over 18 million people with autism in India. 

Highlights of bill:

  • The bill allows setting up of a national trust to enable persons with disability to live independently by promoting measures for their protection in case of death of their parents. It also evolves procedures for appointment of their guardians and trustees, and facilitating equal opportunities in society.
  • Under the legislation, the chairperson and members of the Board of the National Trust can hold office for a term of three years from the date of their appointment or until their successors are appointed, whichever is longer.
  • The bill also states that the central government will initiate the process for appointment of the chairperson or any member of the board, at least six months prior to the expiry of their tenure.
     


Vivek Rana By - Vivek Rana
Posted On - 12/21/2018 12:00:00 AM

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