Inter State water Disputes in India

 12/14/2015  1770

WATER does not respect any boundary. Most of the larger rivers in India meander through the administrative boundaries of the Indian federal system. In India, there are plenty of  conflicts between states  on the usage of  river water

Some of the major disputes are:

A. Krishna water dispute

 First KWDT:

Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT) is a tribunal set up by the government of India in 1969 under the Interstate River Water Disputes Act of 1956 to resolve the disputes between the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh over sharing of Krishna river water. The dispute was mainly about the inter-state utilization of untapped surplus water. The Krishna Tribunal reached its decision in 1973, and the award was published in 1976. The award contended based on 75% dependability that the total quantum of water available for distribution was 2060 TMC (thousand million cubic feet). According to this Andhra Pradesh got 800 TMC of water, Karnataka 700 TMC and Maharashtra 560 TMC. 

Second KWDT:

In April 2004, the second KWDT, was constituted by the Government of India following requests by all three states. This tribunal has started its proceedings from 16.07.07.The allocation of available water was done according to 65% dependability, considering the records of flow of water for past 47 years. According to KWDT II, Andhra Pradesh got 1001 TMC of water, Karnataka 911 TMC and Maharashtra 666 TMC. Next review of water allocations will be after the year 2050.                                                           

B. Godavari Water Dispute:

 The Godavari Tribunal commenced hearings in January 1974, after making its award for the Krishna case. It gave its final award in 1979, but meanwhile the states continued negotiations among themselves, and reached agreements on all disputed issues. Hence the Tribunal was merely required to endorse these agreements in its award.

C. The Cauvery dispute

The core of the Cauvery dispute relates to the re-sharing of waters that are already being fully utilized. Here the two parties to the dispute are Karnataka (old Mysore) and Tamil Nadu (the old Madras Presidency). The Cauvery Water Dispute tribunal was constituted on June 2, 1990 under the ISWD Act, 1956. The Tribunal reached the decision that Karnataka must release 205 TMC of water from the Cauvery reservoirs to Tamil Nadu on a monthly basis. Karnataka rejected the ruling of the Tribunal stating that the Tribunal issued a decision that was not implementable. The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal announced its final verdict on 5 February 2007. Tamil Nadu appears to have been accepting the verdict while the government of Karnataka, unhappy with the decision, filed a revision petition before the tribunal seeking a review. On the direction of supreme court, union government issued final award which  makes an annual allocation of 419 tmcft to Tamil Nadu in the entire Cauvery basin, 270 tmcft to Karnataka, 30 tmcft to Kerala and 7 tmcft to Puducherry. This dispute refused to die between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.  

Other water disputes in India:

  • The Tungabhadra water dispute between Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • Ravi - Beas Dispute between Punjab and Haryana
  • The Aliyar and Bhivani river water dispute between Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
  • The Narmada water dispute between Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and    Rajasthan.
  • The Mahi river dispute between Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
  • The Yamuna river water dispute between Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.
  • The Karmanasa river water dispute between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  • The Barak river water dispute between Assam and Manipur.
Add to Favourites

Comments (0) -Post a Comment/Reply and Earn Reward Points ! Comment/reply will be submitted Only if you are loged in

  • Videos on Current Affairs Target IAS Prelim 2018
  • IAS Pre 2017 Online Mock Test
  • IAS,PCS,HAS,HCS Online Testing and Evaluation System by Abhimanu

Topper Speaks

Khandagale Dhammapal
Khandagale Dhammapal Rank-1020 Year-2017 (IAS)
Dear Sir thank you for your warm wishes. I always had conviction in my abilities and the constant support and guidance from teachers and mentors like you helped me a lot in this strenuous journey , I would also like to thank you from the bottom of the heart for taking pains of providing questions on my DAF for personality test and sending me interview preparation book from Delhi to remote location of Latur in Maharastra. Once again thank you for helping me realize my dream.
View More
my coins
  • img
    North Koel Reservoir Project

    Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Go...

  • img
    Slum-in-Situ Rehabilitation Policy

    The Haryana state government has framed the Slum-in-Situ Rehabilitation Policy to provide residential facility to persons liv...

  • img
    Tidal Energy

    According to a study conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, along with credit rating firm Crisil Ltd, coun...

  • img
    Kamala Mills fire tragedy

    The Kamala Mills fire tragedy in Mumbai, which claimed the lives of 14 people last week, has spurred the civic administration...

  • img
    National Register of Citizens

    The Assam government has released the first draft of National Register of Citizens (NRC) which declared 1.9 crore people of t...